Image-guided transoral approach in severe craniovertebral junction malformations at the golden age of endoscopy: Regarding 2 cases.

@article{Mazerand2016ImageguidedTA,
  title={Image-guided transoral approach in severe craniovertebral junction malformations at the golden age of endoscopy: Regarding 2 cases.},
  author={E. Mazerand and N. Karmani and L. Le Fournier and L. Laccourreye and H. Fournier},
  journal={Neuro-Chirurgie},
  year={2016},
  volume={62 5},
  pages={
          271-276
        }
}
INTRODUCTION The image-guided transoral approach (IGTOA) provides a safe exposure to skull base midline lesions and the ventral aspect of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). The IGTOA has several advantages: the head being placed in the extended position, it decreases the brainstem angulation during surgery; the approach being done through the avascular median pharyngeal raphe, not only lowers the bleeding risk but also provides a direct access to the bony pathology and granulation tissue… Expand
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