Image background inhomogeneity correction in MRI via intensity standardization

Abstract

An automatic, simple, and image intensity standardization-based strategy for correcting background inhomogeneity in MR images is presented in this paper. Image intensities are first transformed to a standard intensity gray scale by a standardization process. Different tissue sample regions are then obtained from the standardized image by simply thresholding based on fixed intensity intervals. For each tissue region, a polynomial is fitted to the estimated discrete background intensity variation. Finally, a combined polynomial is determined and used for correcting the intensity inhomogeneity in the whole image. The above procedure is repeated on the corrected image iteratively until the size of the extracted tissue regions does not change significantly in two successive iterations. Intensity scale standardization is effected to make sure that the corrected image is not biased by the fitting strategy. The method has been tested on a number of simulated and clinical MR images. These tests and a comparison with the method of non-parametric non-uniform intensity normalization (N3) indicate that the method is effective in background intensity inhomogeneity correction and may have a slight edge over the N3 method.

DOI: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2008.09.004

Cite this paper

@article{Zhuge2009ImageBI, title={Image background inhomogeneity correction in MRI via intensity standardization}, author={Ying Zhuge and Jayaram K. Udupa and Jiamin Liu and Punam K. Saha}, journal={Computerized medical imaging and graphics : the official journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society}, year={2009}, volume={33 1}, pages={7-16} }