Image and Imagination of the Life Sciences

  title={Image and Imagination of the Life Sciences},
  author={Anna Simon-Stickley},
  journal={NTM Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin},
  • Anna Simon-Stickley
  • Published 2019
  • Medicine
  • NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
The Greenough stereomicroscope, or “Stemi” as it is colloquially known among microscopists, is a stereoscopic binocular instrument yielding three-dimensional depth perception when working with larger microscopic specimens. It has become ubiquitous in laboratory practice since its introduction by the unknown scientist Horatio Saltonstall Greenough in 1892. However, because it enabled new experimental practices rather than new knowledge, it has largely eluded historical and epistemological… Expand


Ideal (geometrical) types and epistemologies of morphology
When in 1867 botanists Carl Nageli and Simon Schwendener published their work on the microscope and its usage, they warned that using this optical device would never lead to a thorough comprehensionExpand
Early studies of binocular and stereoscopic vision1
The revolution in binocular vision (in the 1830s) was occasioned by Wheatstone's invention and application of the stereoscope to demonstrate depth from retinal disparity, which ushered in the era of experimentation to vision. Expand
An American in Paris and the origins of the stereomicroscope
  • K. Sander
  • Art, Medicine
  • Roux's archives of developmental biology
  • 2004
The present Centennial Essay traces both the history of the Greenough stereomicroscope and the scantily documented life of its inventor, including his probable descent from a family of famous New England sculptors. Expand
Biology Takes Form: Animal Morphology and the German Universities, 1800-1900
The intertwined histories of morphology and the broader biological enterprise are examined, demonstrating that the study of form was central to investigations of such issues as the relationships between an animal's structure and function, between an organism and its environment, and between living species and their ancestors. Expand
The Disciplinary Breakdown of German Morphology, 1870-1900
By analyzing morphologists' struggles where they "succeeded" and comparing their situations with those of their colleagues at other German universities, it is seen just how tenuous morphology's institutional foothold had become by the end of the century. Expand
Form and Function: a Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology
It is true history, not chronicle; it displays the continuous endeavour from Aristotle until to-day to understand the forms of animals, both in their original establishment and in their individual reproduction in every life-cycle. Expand
Landmarks in Developmental Biology 1883–1924
The aim is to provide some historical background for a truly timeless instrument that was fundamental to developmental biology, beginning almost from the days of its proclamation by Wilhelm Roux. Expand
"Giving Body" to Embryos: Modeling, Mechanism, and the Microtome in Late Nineteenth-Century Anatomy
Recovering the wax models made by the anatomist Wilhelm His in the late 1860s offers a fresh perspective on the transformation of a central science of animal life and enriches the understanding of the relations between representation in two dimensions and three. Expand
XVIII. Contributions to the physiology of vision. —Part the first. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision
  • C. Wheatstone
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1838
There is no difference between the visual appearance of an object in relief and its perspective projection on a plane surface; and hence pictorial representations of distant objects, when those circumstances which would prevent or disturb the illusion are carefully excluded, may be rendered such perfect resemblances of the objects they are intended to represent as to be mistaken for them. Expand
Morphology and twentieth-century biology: a response.
I am gratified to find that ideas I published a few years ago in Life Science in the Twentieth Century have stimulated a controversy about some important issues in the history of biology. In theExpand