Illusory inferences: a novel class of erroneous deductions.

@article{JohnsonLaird1999IllusoryIA,
  title={Illusory inferences: a novel class of erroneous deductions.},
  author={Philip N. Johnson-Laird and Fabien Savary},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={1999},
  volume={71 3},
  pages={191-229}
}
The mental model theory postulates that reasoners build models of the situations described in premises, and that these models normally make explicit only what is true. The theory has an unexpected consequence: it predicts the occurrence of inferences that are compelling but invalid. They should arise from reasoners failing to take into account what is false. Three experiments corroborated the systematic occurrence of these illusory inferences, and eliminated a number of alternative explanations… CONTINUE READING