Illusory Contingency in Children at the State Fair

  title={Illusory Contingency in Children at the State Fair},
  author={John R. Weisz},
  journal={Developmental Psychology},
  • J. Weisz
  • Published 1 July 1981
  • Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
Accurate judgments about personal control depend in part on accurate judgments about the contingency of outcomes because noncontingent outcomes are inherently uncontrollable. Yet children often fail to recognize noncontingency when they see it. In a developmental study of such failures, children's contingency judgments were assessed following their participation in chance activities at a state fair. Younger children (aged 6-10 years) regarded the outcomes of these activities as controllable… 

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