Illusions of face memory: Clarity breeds familiarity.

  title={Illusions of face memory: Clarity breeds familiarity.},
  author={Heather M. Kleider and Stephen D. Goldinger},
  journal={Journal of memory and language},
  volume={50 2},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Parallel effects of processing fluency and positive affect on familiarity-based recognition decisions for faces

Results from this study add to a growing body of evidence that points not only to a role of fluency, but also of positive affect in familiarity assessment, and are consistent with the idea that fluency itself may be hedonically marked.

Visual sharpness contingency in recognition memory for orientation: mnemonic illusion suppressed by sensory signature.

A series of experiments provided converging evidence that the mnemonic illusion is suppressed when recognition alternatives possess sharp visual detail and the role of a sensory signature in suppressing the mmemonic illusion and in modulating visual recognition performance in general is delineated.

Implicit Recognition Based on Lateralized Perceptual Fluency

The dramatic difference in guessing accuracy as a function of lateralized perceptual overlap between study and test suggests that implicit recognition arises from memory storage in visual cortical networks that mediate repetition-induced fluency increments.

A metacognitive illusion in monkeys

It is found that monkeys' wagers were affected by perceptual fluency even when their accuracy was not, novel evidence that animals are susceptible to metacognitive illusions similar to those experienced by humans.

Memory predictions are influenced by perceptual information: evidence for metacognitive illusions.

Highly accessible perceptual cues can strongly influence JOLs, likely via encoding fluency, and this effect can lead to metacognitive illusions.

Transfer Appropriate Fluency: Encoding and Retrieval Interactions in Fluency-Based Memory Illusions

The results show that fluency-based illusions of recognition memory recognition biases are more likely when there is a match in the attributes emphasized during study and test.

Explaining the forgetting bias effect on value judgments: The influence of memory for a past test

The present work suggests that individuals may apply a theory that remembered information is more valuable than forgotten information to retrospectively assess the value of information.

Ease-of-learning judgments are based on both processing fluency and beliefs

It is shown that processing fluency has a direct effect on EOL judgments, but the effect is moderated by beliefs.



On the relationship between autobiographical memory and perceptual learning.

The experiments that are reported were designed to explore the relationship between the more aware autobiographical form of memory that is measured by a recognition memory test and the less aware form ofMemory that is expressed in perceptual learning.

The marriage of perception and memory: Creating two-way illusions with words and voices

In two experiments, listeners gave reduced noise estimates to previously heard words, but only when the original voices were preserved, and in two recognition memory experiments, viewers gave increased old responses to words (or voices) presented in relatively soft background noise, suggesting that memory can be mistaken for perceptual fluency, and perceptualfluency can be confused for memory.

Becoming famous without being recognized: Unconscious influences of memory produced by dividing attention

The familiarity of names produced by their prior presentation can be misinterprete d as fame. We used this false fame effect to separately study the effects of divided attention on familiarity versus

Tricks of Memory

Remembering an episode from even the recent past may involve a blend of fiction and fact. We discuss a straightforward laboratory paradigm that is proving useful in the study of false memories of

An illusion of memory: false recognition influenced by unconscious perception

The results of two experiments showed that an illusion of memory can be produced by unconscious perception. In a first phase of those experiments, a long list of words was presented for study. For

Unconscious Influences of Memory for a Prior Event

This work presents experiments in which memory used as a tool enhances perception, lowers the subjective experience of background noise, increases the fame of nonfamous names, and lowers estimates of the difficulty of anagrams.

Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Affective Judgments

According to a two-step account of the mere-exposure effect, repeated exposure leads to the subjective feeling of perceptual fluency, which in turn influences liking. If so, perceptual fluency

The heuristic basis of remembering and classification: fluency, generation, and resemblance.

The authors demonstrate that people use the same 3 heuristics in classifying a stimulus as a member of a category and interpret this as support for the idea that people have a unitary memory system that operates by the same fundamental principles in both remembering and nonremembering tasks.

Verbal overshadowing in a multiple face presentation paradigm: effects of description instruction

‘Verbal overshadowing’, the phenomenon whereby the verbal reporting of a visual memory of a face interferes with subsequent recognition of that face, arises for the presentation of multiple faces