Illiteracy: the neuropsychology of cognition without reading.

@article{Ardila2010IlliteracyTN,
  title={Illiteracy: the neuropsychology of cognition without reading.},
  author={Alfredo Ardila and Paulo H.F. Bertolucci and L{\'u}cia Willadino Braga and Alexander Castro-Caldas and Tedd Judd and Mary H. Kosmidis and Esmeralda Matute and Ricardo Nitrini and Feggy Ostrosky-Sol{\'i}s and M{\'o}nica Rosselli},
  journal={Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists},
  year={2010},
  volume={25 8},
  pages={689-712}
}
Illiterates represent a significant proportion of the world's population. Written language not only plays a role in mediating cognition, but also extends our knowledge of the world. Two major reasons for illiteracy can be distinguished, social (e.g., absence of schools), and personal (e.g., learning difficulties). Without written language, our knowledge of the external world is partially limited by immediate sensory information and concrete environmental conditions. Literacy is significantly… CONTINUE READING
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