Illicit opioid use in Canada: Comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study)

@article{Fischer2005IllicitOU,
  title={Illicit opioid use in Canada: Comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study)},
  author={Benedikt Fischer and Juergen Rehm and Suzanne Brissette and Serge Brochu and Julie Bruneau and Nady A. El-Guebaly and Lina No{\"e}l and Mark Tyndall and Cameron Wild and P. P. T. M. van Mun and Dolly Baliunas},
  journal={Journal of Urban Health},
  year={2005},
  volume={82},
  pages={250-266}
}
Most of the estimated 125,000 injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada use illicit opioids and are outside treatment (i.e., methadone maintenance treatment). Empirical data suggest that illicit opioid users outside treatment are characterized by various health and social problem characteristics, including polydrug use, physical and mental morbidity, social marginalization, and crime. Although required for evidence-based programming, systematic information on this specific substance-user population… CONTINUE READING

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