Illicit markets and violence: what is the relationship?

  title={Illicit markets and violence: what is the relationship?},
  author={P. Andreas and J. Wallman},
  journal={Crime, Law and Social Change},
Illicit global markets, such as the smuggling of people and goods across borders, share some core characteristics: They are unauthorized by the sending and/or receiving jurisdiction and they operate via mechanisms designed to evade detection and apprehension. These illicit market activities are also widely believed to be closely associated with the global spread of organized violence. Indeed, violence is commonly viewed as one of the defining features of illicit markets that differentiate them… Expand
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