Illicit anabolic–androgenic steroid use

@article{Kanayama2010IllicitAS,
  title={Illicit anabolic–androgenic steroid use},
  author={Gen Kanayama and James I Hudson and Harrison G Pope},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={2010},
  volume={58},
  pages={111-121}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Anabolic–Androgenic Steroids

TLDR
The anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS) are a family of hormones that includes the natural male hormone, testosterone, together with a group of synthetic derivatives of testosterone that are widely abused by men to gain muscle mass and lose body fat.

Adverse Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: A Literature Review

TLDR
It is suggested that AAS misuse and abuse lead to adverse effects in all body tissues and organs, especially long-term toxicity involving the cardiovascular system and the reproductive system, and public health measures in all settings are crucial.

The Central Effects of Androgenic-anabolic Steroid Use

TLDR
Withdrawal from androgenic-anabolic steroids may lead to a range of somatic and psychiatric symptoms, and, in many cases, comprehensive treatment supervised by an endocrinologist and a psychiatrist is required.

Illicit use of androgens and other hormones: recent advances

  • G. KanayamaH. Pope
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
  • 2012
TLDR
Given mounting evidence of the adverse effects of the androgens and associated polypharmacy, this topic will likely represent an expanding area of research and an issue of growing public health concern.

Iatrogenic dependence of anabolic-androgenic steroid in an Indian non-athletic woman

TLDR
A case report of an Indian woman, who was prescribed n androlone decanoate injections by an unqualified medical practitioner to treat multiple non-specific somatic pains and reported weakness, leading to dependence for nandrolonedecanoate, supports the research finding of abuse potential of AAS.

Mad men, women and steroid cocktails: a review of the impact of sex and other factors on anabolic androgenic steroids effects on affective behaviors

TLDR
Assessment of information to date on the importance of sex and its interaction with other environmental factors on affective behaviors in anabolic androgenic steroids suggests significant sex-specific differences in the impact of AAS on aggression, anxiety, and concomitant use of other abused substances.

Anabolic–androgenic steroid use is associated with psychopathy, risk-taking, anger, and physical problems

Previous research has uncovered medical and psychological effects of anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) use, but the specific relationship between AAS use and risk-taking behaviors as well as between
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 273 REFERENCES

Anabolic–androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans

  • R. Wood
  • Psychology, Biology
    Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
  • 2008

Behavioural Manifestations of Anabolic Steroid Use

TLDR
This paper reviews the published literature concerning the recognition and treatment of behavioural manifestations of AAS abuse and suggests that both acute physical and behavioural symptoms as well as long-term abstinence and recovery should be addressed.

Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence

  • K. Brower
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current psychiatry reports
  • 2002
TLDR
A new model is proposed in which both the "myoactive" and psychoactive effects of Aas contribute to the development of AAS dependence, and when patients with AAS use disorders are compared with patients with other substance use disorders, both similarities and differences become apparent and have implications for treatment.

Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: an emerging disorder.

TLDR
The accumulating human and animal evidence showing that AAS may cause a distinct dependence syndrome is reviewed, and standard diagnostic criteria for substance dependence must be adapted slightly for cumulatively acting drugs such as AAS.

Psychiatric and Medical Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Women

TLDR
Dedicated women athletes exhibit not only AAS abuse, but use of many other ergogenic drugs, sometimes associated with significant morbidity, and frequently display several psychiatric syndromes which have not previously been well described.

Anabolic androgenic steroid abuse and mood disorder: a case report.

TLDR
The abuse of AAS has been associated with various psychiatric manifestations: sleep disorders, anxiety, labile mood, mania, depression, irritability, aggression, violence, suicidal and homicidal ideation and behaviour, psychosis, confusion and delirium.

Long-term psychiatric and medical consequences of anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse: a looming public health concern?

Violence toward women and illicit androgenic-anabolic steroid use.

  • P. ChoiH. Pope
  • Psychology
    Annals of clinical psychiatry : official journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
  • 1994
TLDR
Findings support the anecdotal evidence that wives and girlfriends of AAS users may be at risk of serious injury from users while they are on-drug and suggest AAS use may impose risks not only to the user, but also to the women close to them.

Behavioral and physiological responses to anabolic-androgenic steroids

Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes

TLDR
Although AAS administration may affect erythropoiesis and blood haemoglobin concentrations, no effect on endurance performance was observed and little data about the effects of AAS on metabolic responses during exercise training and recovery are available and, therefore, do not allow firm conclusions.
...