Treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: Emerging evidence and its implications.
- Psychology, BiologyDrug and alcohol dependence
- Psychology, Medicine
The anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS) are a family of hormones that includes the natural male hormone, testosterone, together with a group of synthetic derivatives of testosterone that are widely abused by men to gain muscle mass and lose body fat.
Adverse Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: A Literature Review
- Medicine, BiologyHealthcare
It is suggested that AAS misuse and abuse lead to adverse effects in all body tissues and organs, especially long-term toxicity involving the cardiovascular system and the reproductive system, and public health measures in all settings are crucial.
The Central Effects of Androgenic-anabolic Steroid Use
- Medicine, PsychologyJournal of addiction medicine
Withdrawal from androgenic-anabolic steroids may lead to a range of somatic and psychiatric symptoms, and, in many cases, comprehensive treatment supervised by an endocrinologist and a psychiatrist is required.
Illicit use of androgens and other hormones: recent advances
- Medicine, BiologyCurrent opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity
Given mounting evidence of the adverse effects of the androgens and associated polypharmacy, this topic will likely represent an expanding area of research and an issue of growing public health concern.
Iatrogenic dependence of anabolic-androgenic steroid in an Indian non-athletic woman
- MedicineBMJ Case Reports
A case report of an Indian woman, who was prescribed n androlone decanoate injections by an unqualified medical practitioner to treat multiple non-specific somatic pains and reported weakness, leading to dependence for nandrolonedecanoate, supports the research finding of abuse potential of AAS.
Mad men, women and steroid cocktails: a review of the impact of sex and other factors on anabolic androgenic steroids effects on affective behaviors
- Psychology, BiologyPsychopharmacology
Assessment of information to date on the importance of sex and its interaction with other environmental factors on affective behaviors in anabolic androgenic steroids suggests significant sex-specific differences in the impact of AAS on aggression, anxiety, and concomitant use of other abused substances.
Anabolic androgenic steroids in police cases in Sweden 1999-2009.
- MedicineForensic science international
Anabolic–androgenic steroid use is associated with psychopathy, risk-taking, anger, and physical problems
- PsychologyScientific reports
Previous research has uncovered medical and psychological effects of anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) use, but the specific relationship between AAS use and risk-taking behaviors as well as between…
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Anabolic–androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans
- Psychology, BiologyFrontiers in Neuroendocrinology
Behavioural Manifestations of Anabolic Steroid Use
- Medicine, PsychologyCNS drugs
This paper reviews the published literature concerning the recognition and treatment of behavioural manifestations of AAS abuse and suggests that both acute physical and behavioural symptoms as well as long-term abstinence and recovery should be addressed.
Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence
- Psychology, MedicineCurrent psychiatry reports
A new model is proposed in which both the "myoactive" and psychoactive effects of Aas contribute to the development of AAS dependence, and when patients with AAS use disorders are compared with patients with other substance use disorders, both similarities and differences become apparent and have implications for treatment.
Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: an emerging disorder.
- Medicine, PsychologyAddiction
The accumulating human and animal evidence showing that AAS may cause a distinct dependence syndrome is reviewed, and standard diagnostic criteria for substance dependence must be adapted slightly for cumulatively acting drugs such as AAS.
Psychiatric and Medical Effects of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Women
- Medicine, PsychologyPsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Dedicated women athletes exhibit not only AAS abuse, but use of many other ergogenic drugs, sometimes associated with significant morbidity, and frequently display several psychiatric syndromes which have not previously been well described.
Anabolic androgenic steroid abuse and mood disorder: a case report.
- Psychology, MedicineThe international journal of neuropsychopharmacology
The abuse of AAS has been associated with various psychiatric manifestations: sleep disorders, anxiety, labile mood, mania, depression, irritability, aggression, violence, suicidal and homicidal ideation and behaviour, psychosis, confusion and delirium.
Long-term psychiatric and medical consequences of anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse: a looming public health concern?
- Medicine, PsychologyDrug and alcohol dependence
Violence toward women and illicit androgenic-anabolic steroid use.
- PsychologyAnnals of clinical psychiatry : official journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Findings support the anecdotal evidence that wives and girlfriends of AAS users may be at risk of serious injury from users while they are on-drug and suggest AAS use may impose risks not only to the user, but also to the women close to them.
Behavioral and physiological responses to anabolic-androgenic steroids
- Biology, PsychologyNeuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Effects of Androgenic-Anabolic Steroids in Athletes
- Biology, MedicineSports medicine
Although AAS administration may affect erythropoiesis and blood haemoglobin concentrations, no effect on endurance performance was observed and little data about the effects of AAS on metabolic responses during exercise training and recovery are available and, therefore, do not allow firm conclusions.