Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border

  title={Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border},
  author={Gordon H. Hanson and Antonio Spilimbergo},
This paper examines the determinants of illegal immigration in the United States from Mexico from 1976 to 1995. The main challenge in the empirical work is that the observations are not the number of individuals that attempt to enter the United States illegally, but rather the number of individuals apprehended attempting to cross the U. S. -Mexico border illegally. Based on a simple model of the individual migration decision, we postulate the existence of an apprehensions function, which… 

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Fiscal versus Traditional Market Variables in Canadian Migration

  • R. Shaw
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1986
This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the influence of "traditional" market variables on migration in Canada has diminished over time. This is attributed to a crowding-out process whereby growth