If it changes it must be a process: study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination.

  title={If it changes it must be a process: study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination.},
  author={Susan Folkman and Richard S. Lazarus},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={48 1},
This natural experiment provides substantial evidence for the following major themes, which are based on a cognitively oriented, process-centered theory of stress and coping: First, a stressful encounter should be viewed as a dynamic, unfolding process, not as a static, unitary event. Emotion and coping (including the use of social support) were assessed at three stages of a midterm examination: the anticipation stage before the exam, the waiting stage after the exam and before grades were… 

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