Idiopathic spasmodic torticollis: a survey of the clinical syndromes and patients' experiences

@article{Herwaarden1994IdiopathicST,
  title={Idiopathic spasmodic torticollis: a survey of the clinical syndromes and patients' experiences},
  author={G.M.F.M. van Herwaarden and H. W. M. Anten and Cees A. L. Hoogduin and J. Niewold and R A Roos and J. D. Speelman and Tiemen W. van Weerden and Martin W. I. M. Horstink},
  journal={Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery},
  year={1994},
  volume={96},
  pages={222-225}
}
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A Case of Cervical Dystonia - Non Responsive to Usual Noninvasive Treatment
TLDR
A rare case of a forty seven year old male patient with a history of cervical dystonia presented with struggle with head position, resisting but never overcoming the tendency of his head to assume an unnatural position, all treatments failed in this case.
Head Tremor in Cervical Dystonia
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References

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Idiopathic Spasmodic Torticollis: Pathophysiology and Treatment
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  • Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 1986
TLDR
This review will summarize the information currently available on the pathophysiology and treatment of 1ST and its relationship to other dystonic states.
Spasmodic Torticollis — Review of 220 Patients
TLDR
In most areas, including female preponderance and frequency of postural tremor, the findings confirmed previous studies and highlighted particular points: importance of psychopathological antecedents and association with stressful life-events.
FamiIial spasmodic torticolIis
TLDR
Familial incidence supports the conclusion that spasmodic torticollis is organic in origin, and occurs more often than has been generally recognized.
Pathophysiology and Pharmacotherapy of Spasmodic Torticollis: A Review
  • S. Lal
  • Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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TLDR
Investigations aimed at establishing a neurotransmitter profile for each patient by observing the acute response to a test dose of drugs affecting cholinergic, dopaminergic, serotonergic, and gammaaminobutyric acid systems may provide a more rational basis to the selection of treatment.
Spontaneous remissions in spasmodic torticollis
TLDR
Spontaneous remissions in the course of spasmodic torticollis seem to be more frequent in patients with early onset, and they occur usually during the first year, while in the non-remission group, 18 patients were Jewish.
Natural history of adult-onset idiopathic torticollis.
The rates of spontaneous remission and progression of dystonia to other sites were studied in 72 patients who first presented with adult-onset torticollis, and who were followed up for a mean of 7.7
A genetic study of idiopathic focal dystonias
TLDR
A genetic study of idiopathic focal dystonia was undertaken by examining 153 first‐degree relatives of 40 index patients with torticollis, other focal cranial dystonias, and writer's cramp, suggesting the presence of an autosomal dominant gene or genes with reduced penetrance as a common cause.
Botulinum toxin injections for cervical dystonia
TLDR
Botulinum toxin is a safe and effective therapy for most patients with cervical dystonia and duration of maximum benefit lasted up to 12.5 months in some patients, but the average was 11.2 weeks.
High dosage anticholinergic therapy in dystonia
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TLDR
Twenty-three children and 52 adults with torsion dystonia of various etiologies and distribution patterns of the involuntary movements were treated in an open-label study with anticholinergic medication, and significant benefit occurred in 61% of children and in 38% of adults.
Familial dystonia musculorum deformans and tremor.
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