Ideology: Its Resurgence in Social, Personality, and Political Psychology

@article{Jost2008IdeologyIR,
  title={Ideology: Its Resurgence in Social, Personality, and Political Psychology},
  author={John T. Jost and Brian A. Nosek and Samuel D. Gosling},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={3},
  pages={126 - 136}
}
We trace the rise, fall, and resurgence of political ideology as a topic of research in social, personality, and political psychology. For over 200 years, political belief systems have been classified usefully according to a single left—right (or liberal-conservative) dimension that, we believe, possesses two core aspects: (a) advocating versus resisting social change and (b) rejecting versus accepting inequality. There have been many skeptics of the notion that most people are ideologically… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things They Leave Behind

Although skeptics continue to doubt that most people are “ideological,” evidence suggests that meaningful left-right differences do exist and that they may be rooted in basic personality

Uses and Abuses of Ideology in Political Psychology

Ideology is a central construct in political psychology. Even so, the field’s strong claims about an ideological public rarely engage evidence of enormous individual differences: a minority with real

The Politics of Intergroup Attitudes

Ideologies that underlie concepts of ethnocentrism, authoritarianism, system justification, social dominance, and morality shape minds in sufficiently deep ways to bring about (a) congruence between

Political ideology: its structure, functions, and elective affinities.

This review examines recent theory and research concerning the structure, contents, and functions of ideological belief systems and considers the consequences of ideology, especially with respect to attitudes, evaluations, and processes of system justification.

Can a Psychological Theory of Ideological Differences Explain Contextual Variability in the Contents of Political Attitudes?

In this brief reply, we explore the ways in which a psychological theory of ideology as motivated social cognition (e.g., Jost, Glaser, Kruglanski, & Sulloway, 2003a, 2003b) can explain several

It’s the end of ideology as we know it

Scholars have long focused on socio-psychological attachment, elite discourse, and rational action to explain the nature and structure of ideologies. Recently genetic and neurobiological influences

Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology

This article argues that one organizing element of the many differences between liberals and conservatives is the nature of their physiological and psychological responses to features of the environment that are negative, and suggests approaches for refining understanding of the broad relationship between political views and response to the negative.

Social Justice and the Human–Environment Relationship: Common Systemic, Ideological, and Psychological Roots and Processes

Abstract Historical analyses and contemporary social psychological research demonstrate that prevailing systems, institutions, and practices espouse an ideology of conflict between humans and the

The Genetic Foundations of Attitude Formation: The Case of Left-Right Political Orientations

Since the pioneering work of Eaves and Eysenck (1974) appeared in Nature some 40 years ago,psychologists, sociologists, political scientists, and behavioral geneticists have investigated the effects
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES

The end of the end of ideology.

  • J. Jost
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 2006
Studies reveal that there are indeed meaningful political and psychological differences that covary with ideological self-placement and are useful for understanding the political divide between "red states" and "blue states".

The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things They Leave Behind

Although skeptics continue to doubt that most people are “ideological,” evidence suggests that meaningful left-right differences do exist and that they may be rooted in basic personality

The Origins and Meaning of Liberal/Conservative Self-Identifications.

Although over the past few decades liberal/conservative self-identifications have often played a part in studies of belief systems, they have seldom been the focus of research. Recently, however,

Fair Market Ideology: Its Cognitive-Motivational Underpinnings

Public opinion research shows that most people espouse egalitarian ideals and acknowledge substantial income inequality in society, but they consistently perceive the economic system to be highly

Psychological motives and political orientation--the left, the right, and the rigid: comment on Jost et al. (2003).

The authors take issue with Jost et al.'s (2003) description of the two core components of political conservatism and propose that the motives in the model are equally well served by rigid adherence to any extreme ideology regardless of whether it is right wing or left wing.

A Decade of System Justification Theory: Accumulated Evidence of Conscious and Unconscious Bolstering of the Status Quo

Most theories in social and political psychology stress self-interest, intergroup conflict, ethnocentrism, homophily, ingroup bias, outgroup antipathy, dominance, and resistance. System justification

The Other “Authoritarian Personality”

Publisher Summary It is noted with regard to the submissive personality, it is visualized that this personality structure, observable in early adulthood and better explained by social learning than

Political psychology: Key readings

Part 1. Historical Introduction The Poly-Psy Relationship: Three Phases of A Long Affair, W.J. McGuire Part II. Personality and Politics A. Authoritarianism and Mass Psychology The Authoritarian

Political conservatism as motivated social cognition.

The core ideology of conservatism stresses resistance to change and justification of inequality and is motivated by needs that vary situationally and dispositionally to manage uncertainty and threat.

BELIEF, BIAS AND IDEOLOGY

INTRODUCTION An ideology is a set of beliefs or values that can be explained through the position or (non-cognitive) interest of some social group. I shall mainly discuss ideological beliefs,
...