Ideology, affect, and socialization in language shift and revitalization: The experiences of adults learning Gaelic in the Western Isles of Scotland

  title={Ideology, affect, and socialization in language shift and revitalization: The experiences of adults learning Gaelic in the Western Isles of Scotland},
  author={Emily Mcewan-Fujita},
  journal={Language in Society},
  pages={27 - 64}
ABSTRACT The intertwined role of language ideologies and affect in language shift and revitalization can be understood by taking a language socialization perspective on local micro-level interaction between adult Gaelic learners and fluent Gaelic-English bilinguals. Seven adults living in the Western Isles were interviewed about their efforts to learn and speak Scottish Gaelic, a minority language spoken by 1–2% of Scotland’s population. Their negative affective stances in describing their… 

Immersion education outcomes and the Gaelic community: identities and language ideologies among Gaelic medium-educated adults in Scotland

ABSTRACT Scholars have consistently theorised that language ideologies can influence the ways in which bilingual speakers in minority language settings identify and engage with the linguistic

Conflicting Ideologies and Language Policy in Adult ESL: Complexities of Language Socialization in a Majority-L1 Classroom

This study looks at how language ideologies affect and are revealed in language socialization practices in a majority-L1 adult ESL classroom, particularly looking at language use and policy. It draws

Language Ideologies and Learning Historical Minority Languages: A comparative study of voluntary learners of Swedish in Finland and Hungarian in Romania

Language ideologies surrounding the learning of historical minority languages deserve more/closer attention because due to the strong nation state ideology, the relation between majority and minority

“New speakers” of Gaelic: perceptions of linguistic authenticity and appropriateness

Abstract This article considers the experiences and views of “new speakers” of Gaelic, focusing on how they characterise their language production and its relationship to the language of traditional

The native-non-native dichotomy in minority language contexts: comparisons between Irish and Galician

In minority language contexts, the aim of language policy and planning initiatives is frequently to enhance their survival prospects by increasing individuals’ knowledge and use of such languages in

Defining the new speaker: theoretical perspectives and learner trajectories

Abstract This article addresses the concept of the new speaker from both a theoretical/definitional perspective and from the standpoint of a situated, ethnographic analysis. The more general and

‘New’ Scottish Gaelic speakers in Glasgow: A phonetic study of language revitalisation

  • C. Nance
  • Linguistics
    Language in Society
  • 2015
Abstract This article analyses phonetic variation among young people who have learned a minority language in immersion schooling as part of revitalisation measures. Such speakers are increasingly

Upper Sorbian language education: when community language maintenance practices disregard top-down revitalisation strategies

ABSTRACT The article studies minority language policy in the situation of an internal division within a speech community. It is based on the example of the Upper Sorbs – a Slavic minority in Germany.

Responding to sociolinguistic change: New speakers and variationist sociolinguistics

Aims: The goal of this special issue is to anchor an understanding of language variation and change in a relatively newly adopted framework for researching ‘new speakers’ of minoritized languages.



Garifuna children's language shame: Ethnic stereotypes, national affiliation, and transnational immigration as factors in language choice in southern Belize

This article explores the effects of ethnic stereotypes, demographic shifts, and nationalism on language choice in the town of Dangriga, Belize. Dangriga was founded during the nineteenth century by

Peasant men can't get wives: language change and sex roles in a bilingual community

  • S. Gal
  • Linguistics
    Language in Society
  • 1978
ABSTRACT Language shift from German–Hungarian bilingualism to the exclusive use of German is occurring in the community discussed. Young women are further along in the direction of this change than

Multiple ideologies and competing discourses: Language shift in Tlaxcala, Mexico

This article argues for an account of language shift that focuses on ideological conflicts and competing discourses of language, identity, and progress in Tlaxcala, Mexico. The study is based on

Investigating Obsolescence: Studies in Language Contraction and Death

List of maps List of contributors Preface Introduction Part I. Focus on Context: 1. On language death in eastern Africa Gerrit J. Dimmendaal 2. The disappearance of the Ugong in Thailand David

Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

1. Introduction: The Sociolinguistics of Stance, Alexandra Jaffe 2. Stance, Style, and the Linguistic Individual, Barbara Johnstone 3. How Mr. Taylor Lost His Footing: Stance in a Colonial Encounter,

Language ideologies and practices in (en)gendering the Basque nation

This article argues that an androcentric Basque nationalist pedagogy is enacted in secondary schools in San Sebastian (Donostia), Spain. Textbooks present men as the exemplary Basque speakers and

Ideologies in action : language politics on Corsica

In Corsica, spelling contests, road signs, bilingual education bills and Corsican language newscasts leave language planners and ordinary speakers deeply divided over how to define what "counts" as

6 Language Shift in Community and Individual: The Phenomenon of the Laggard Semi-Speaker (1980)

This chapter looks at language retention on the level of the individual rather than on that of the community, in order to shed light on sources of language loyalty. It is commonplace, in communities

Language ideologies : practice and theory

1. Introduction: Language Ideology as a Field of Inquiry 2. Ideologies of Honorific Language 3. "Today there is no respect": Nostalgia, "respect," and oppositional discourse in Mexicano (Nahuatl)

Language Shift in Community and Individual: The Phenomenon of the Laggard Semi-Speaker

It is possible, looking at a community as a whole, to speak of language shift even where not a single speaker has changed his linguistic habits. If a high emigration rate, a high in-migration rate,