Ideological toxicology: invalid logic, science, ethics about low-dose pollution.

@article{ShraderFrechette2008IdeologicalTI,
  title={Ideological toxicology: invalid logic, science, ethics about low-dose pollution.},
  author={Kristin Shrader-Frechette},
  journal={Human & experimental toxicology},
  year={2008},
  volume={27 8},
  pages={647-57}
}
As illustrated by the case of ethanol, claim H is that, for some biological endpoints, low-dose toxins and carcinogens exhibit hormesis, a beneficial or adaprive response characterized by biphasic dose responses and resulting from compensatory biological processes following an initial disruption in homeostasis. From this uncontroversial claim H, however, the paper argues that some toxicologists invalidly infer HG (that H is generalizable across biological model, endpoint measured, and chemical… CONTINUE READING