Ideological Moderates Won’t Run: How Party Fit Matters for Partisan Polarization in Congress

@article{Thomsen2014IdeologicalMW,
  title={Ideological Moderates Won’t Run: How Party Fit Matters for Partisan Polarization in Congress},
  author={Danielle M. Thomsen},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2014},
  volume={76},
  pages={786 - 797}
}
Scholars have focused on elite-level and mass-level changes to explain partisan polarization in Congress. This article offers a candidate entry explanation for the persistence of polarization and the rise in asymmetric polarization. The central claim is that ideological conformity with the party—what I call party fit—influences the decision to run for office, and I suggest that partisan polarization in Congress has discouraged ideological moderates in the pipeline from pursuing a congressional… Expand
Who Punishes Extremist Nominees? Candidate Ideology and Turning Out the Base in US Elections
Political observers, campaign experts, and academics alike argue bitterly over whether it is more important for a party to capture ideologically moderate swing voters or to encourage turnout amongExpand
Why so few (Republican) women? Explaining the partisan imbalance of women in the U.S. Congress
This article examines why the percentage of Democratic women in Congress has increased dramatically since the 1980s while the percentage of Republican women has barely grown. The central claim isExpand
Bias in Perceptions of Public Opinion among Political Elites
The conservative asymmetry of elite polarization represents a significant puzzle. We argue that politicians can maintain systematic misperceptions of constituency opinion that may contribute toExpand
“Why Polarized Trust Matters”
Abstract The early 2000s has witnessed the rise of a new phenomenon in public opinion, polarized political trust. By polarized, I mean that those who identify with the party opposite the presidentExpand
Contrasting party dynamics: A three decade analysis of the representation of Democratic versus Republican women state legislators
Abstract This research explores the partisan dynamics characterizing women's representation in state legislatures over time, a dynamic that is obscured when focusing on women as a single groupExpand
The Trump Effect: Filing Deadlines and the Decision to Run in the 2016 Congressional Elections
Abstract In this paper, we examine whether the nomination of Donald Trump for president affected decisions to run for Congress in 2016 in states with later filing deadlines. We theorize that theExpand
Political Ambition in 14 Presidential Democracies
This article captures the nature of legislators' ambitions and explores to what extent their career paths within a context of party competition lead to progressive versus static ambition. TheExpand
Principled Moderation: Understanding Parties’ Support of Moderate Candidates
Recent scholarship has argued that parties strategically support more moderate, and thus more electable, candidates. Using interviews with party elites and new data on the party support and theExpand
Governors and Partisan Polarization in the Federal Arena
Governors have always had to balance state interests with political party interests. However, governors’ role in the federal arena, which historically has had a significant bipartisan element, hasExpand
A Sum of Its Parts: Party Fit and Party Change in the U.S. House
Previous research has noted the transformation of the American parties since the 1970s, as exhibited in their increased ideological polarization and transformation on social issues like civil rights,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES
Diverging Parties: Social Change, Realignment, and Party Polarization
Party polarization in the House of Representatives has increased in recent decades. Explaining this development has been difficult, given current interpretations of American elections. The dominantExpand
Resurgent Mass Partisanship: The Role of Elite Polarization
For the most part, scholars who study American political parties in the electorate continue to characterize them as weak and in decline. Parties on the elite level, however, have experienced aExpand
Is Polarization a Myth
This article uses data from the American National Election Studies and national exit polls to test Fiorina's assertion that ideological polarization in the American public is a myth. Fiorina arguesExpand
Candidate Positioning in U.S. House Elections
siveness waned in the 1980s and 1990s. n an extended republic, the desires of citizens are translated into law through the election of representatives. Candidates present themselves to voters, whoExpand
Activists and Conflict Extension in American Party Politics
Party activists have played a leading role in “conflict extension”—the polarization of the parties along multiple issue dimensions—in contemporary American politics. We argue that open nominationExpand
The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans
As Washington elites drifted toward ideological poles over the past few decades, did ordinary Americans follow their lead? In "The Partisan Sort", Matthew Levendusky reveals that we have responded toExpand
The Price of Leadership: Campaign Money and the Polarization of Congressional Parties
We argue that the leadership selection system, which now gives significant weight to fundraising, helps explain the continuing polarization of the congressional parties. Focusing first on electedExpand
The Logic of Conditional Party Government: Revisiting the Electoral Connection
One of the most influential and enduring books on Congress in the last three decades was David Mayhew's Congress: The Electoral Connection. Mayhew presented a purposive theory in which members wereExpand
Party Polarization in the US Congress
Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress are as ideologically consistent and distinct as they have been at any point in the past three decades. Since 1973, the Senate has become 29 percent moreExpand
Quality Counts: Extending the Strategic Politician Model of Incumbent Deterrence
Competitive elections are essential to representative democracy. Competition in U.S. House elections is low in part because incumbents have strategic advantages that deter strong potential candidatesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...