Ideological Donors, Contribution Limits, and the Polarization of American Legislatures

@article{Barber2016IdeologicalDC,
  title={Ideological Donors, Contribution Limits, and the Polarization of American Legislatures},
  author={Michael J. Barber},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2016},
  volume={78},
  pages={296 - 310}
}
This article demonstrates that limits on campaign contributions—which alter a candidate’s ability to raise money from certain types of donors—affect the ideologies of legislators in office. Using an original data set of campaign contribution limits in some US states over the last 20 years, I exploit variation across and within states over time to show that higher individual contributions lead to the selection of more polarized legislators, while higher limits on contributions from political… 

Polarized Contributions but Convergent Agendas

The political process in the United States appears to be highly polarized: Data show that the political positions of legislators have diverged substantially, while the largest campaign contributions

Fighting for Majorities? Explaining the Development of Caucus Fund-Raising in American Legislatures

In modern American politics, legislators fund-raise extensively on behalf of their parties. Under what conditions do parties develop systems to incentivize this fund-raising? Previous research has

Legislative Term Limits and Polarization

How do legislative term limits affect representation? Proponents’ arguments that term limits would reduce partisan conflict and improve the quality of representation have received surprisingly little

Do Campaign Contribution Limits Curb the Influence of Money in Politics?

Author(s): Gulzar, Saad; Rueda, Miguel R; Ruiz, Nelson A | Abstract: Over 40% of countries around the world have adopted limits on campaign contributions to curb the influence of money in politics.

After Citizens United: How Outside Spending Shapes American Democracy

This paper examines how lifting a ban on contributions from corporations and unions to groups engaging in outside spending (independent political advertising) affects electoral outcomes,

Redistricting and Individual Contributions to Congressional Candidates

In this paper, we use redistricting to examine the relationship between representatives and a unique group of the public: individual campaign contributors. Our primary objective is to determine what

When Are Agenda Setters Valuable

Why do industries donate money to legislative campaigns when roll-call votes suggest that donors gain nothing in return? I argue that corporate donors may shape policy outcomes by influencing

Campaign Finance in the Age of Super PACs

The United States Supreme Court 2010 decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission led to a major de-regulation of election campaign finance law. A new political action committee emerged

Moderation or Strategy? Political Giving by Corporations and Trade Groups

  • S. Thieme
  • Economics
    The Journal of Politics
  • 2020
Do bipartisan contributions by corporations and trade associations reflect strategic considerations or ideological moderation? In this article, I leverage lobbying disclosures in Iowa, Nebraska, and

Why Not Run? How The Demands of Fundraising Undermine Ambition for Higher Office

A core question in the study of democratic politics is what factors influence the decision to run for office. A full accounting of the process of candidate emergence requires understanding the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 78 REFERENCES

Don’t Blame Donors for Ideological Polarization of Political Parties

Are campaign contributors to parties and candidates in the United States becoming more ideological? Popular and scholarly accounts suggest that political contributors have disproportionate influence

The Influence of Campaign Contributions in State Legislatures: The Effects of Institutions and Politics

Campaign contributions are widely viewed as a corrupting influence but most scholarly research concludes that they have marginal impact on legislative behavior. Lynda W. Powell shows that

Money in Exile: Campaign Contributions and Committee Access

Understanding how money influences the legislative process is essential for assessing American democracy, but problems of endogeneity, legality, and observational equivalence make it difficult to

Mapping the Ideological Marketplace

I develop a method to measure the ideology of candidates and contributors using campaign finance data. Combined with a data set of over 100 million contribution records from state and federal

Buying Time: Moneyed Interests and the Mobilization of Bias in Congressional Committees

Over the last two decades institutional critics have increasingly charged that moneyed interests dominate the legislative process in Congress. Systematic research on campaign contributions and

No Middle Ground: How Informal Party Organizations Control Nominations and Polarize Legislatures

The new political machines fuel partisanship by supporting only candidates who follow the party's agenda. Despite concerns about the debilitating effects of partisanship on democratic government, in

Appropriators not Position Takers: The Distorting Effects of Electoral Incentives on Congressional Representation

Congressional districts create two levels of representation. Studies of representation focus on a disaggregated level: the electoral connection between representatives and constituents. But there is

Congressmen in Exile: The Politics and Consequences of Involuntary Committee Removal

We show how preferred committee assignments act as an electoral subsidy for members of Congress—empowering representatives’ legislative careers. When holding preferred assignments, legislators are

Individual campaign contributions and candidate ideology

Individual citizens are the largest source of contributions for congressional candidates in the United States. This paper investigates if and how fundraising from this source is related to the

The Ideological Mapping of American Legislatures

The development and elaboration of the spatial theory of voting has contributed greatly to the study of legislative decision making and elections. Statistical models that estimate the spatial
...