Identity of a New World Psychoactive Toad

  title={Identity of a New World Psychoactive Toad},
  author={Wade Davis and Andrew T. Weil},
  journal={Ancient Mesoamerica},
  pages={51 - 59}
Abstract Anthropologists have long speculated that ancient peoples of Mesoamerica used a toad, Bufo marinus, as a ritual intoxicant. This hypothesis rests on many iconographic and mythological representations of toads and on a number of speculative ethnographic reports. We reject B. marinus as a candidate for such use because of the toxicity of its venom. A more likely candidate is the Sonoran desert toad, Bufo alvarius, which secretes large amounts of the potent, known hallucinogen, 5-methoxy… 

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Abstract : The book under review is the most complete manual on poisonous and venomous marine invertebrates in the world. This well published volume consists of more than 1000 pages in octavo with