Identifying the causal mechanisms of the quiet eye

  title={Identifying the causal mechanisms of the quiet eye},
  author={C. C. Gonzalez and Joe Causer and R. Christopher Miall and Michael J. Grey and Glyn W. Humphreys and A. Mark Williams},
  journal={European Journal of Sport Science},
  pages={74 - 84}
Abstract Scientists who have examined the gaze strategies employed by athletes have determined that longer quiet eye (QE) durations (QED) are characteristic of skilled compared to less-skilled performers. However, the cognitive mechanisms of the QE and, specifically, how the QED affects performance are not yet fully understood. We review research that has examined the functional mechanism underlying QE and discuss the neural networks that may be involved. We also highlight the limitations… 

The future of Quiet Eye research – comment on Vickers

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Why does the Quiet Eye improve aiming accuracy? Testing a motor preparation hypothesis with brain potential

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The Quiet Eye and Expertise: Sustained Fixations Do Not Transfer to Unpracticed Throws Among Expert Dart Players.

QE duration was significantly reduced when performing in unfamiliar conditions, suggesting that QE does not transfer to atypical conditions and may therefore be a result of-rather than a contributor to-expertise development.

Quiet Eye and Motor Performance: The Longer the Better?

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Quiet eye training: The acquisition, refinement and resilient performance of targeting skills

Current findings from studies examining the QE as a measure of visuomotor control in the specific domain of targeting skills, including improved attentional control, response programming and external focus will be discussed and directions for future research proposed.

Quiet eye and the Bereitschaftspotential: visuomotor mechanisms of expert motor performance

The results of this investigation lend support to the motor programming/preparation function of the QE period, with experts exhibiting a prolonged quiet eye period and greater cortical activation in the right-central region compared with non-experts.

The "quiet eye" and motor performance: task demands matter!

A novel paradigm is introduced, testing QE duration as an independent variable by experimentally manipulating the onset of the last fixation before movement unfolding and investigating the functional mechanisms behind the QE phenomenon by manipulating the predictability of the target position.

Field of vision influences sensory-motor control of skilled and less-skilled dart players.

Investigation of throwing performance and quiet eye duration in dart throwing under several vision conditions using a specific eye-tracking paradigm to compare different skill levels in a dart throwing task raises questions regarding the relevance of central vision information pick-up for the quiet eye.

Mind over muscle: the role of gaze control, spatial cognition, and the quiet eye in motor expertise

  • J. Vickers
  • Psychology, Biology
    Cognitive Processing
  • 2011
The papers describe the visual information and quiet eye characteristics that underlie the ability to make decisions under complex task conditions and the relationship between control of the gaze and task outcomes.

Quiet eye training in a visuomotor control task.

An innovative, perceptual training intervention intended to improve the efficiency of gaze behavior (i.e., QE) in shotgun shooting by improving shooting accuracy and developing a more efficient visuomotor control strategy is presented.

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