Identifying the Woes of the Cotton Textile Industry in Bengal: Tales of the Nineteenth Century

  title={Identifying the Woes of the Cotton Textile Industry in Bengal: Tales of the Nineteenth Century},
  author={Indrajit Ray},
  journal={Wiley-Blackwell: Economic History Review},
  • I. Ray
  • Published 14 October 2009
  • Economics
  • Wiley-Blackwell: Economic History Review
This article seeks to answer three basic questions about the nineteenth-century cotton textile industry in Bengal that still remain unresolved in the literature; namely, when did the industry begin to decay, what was the extent of its decay during the early nineteenth century, and what were the factors that led to this? In the absence of data on production, this article seeks to settle the debate on the basis of the industry's market performance and its consumption of raw materials. It contests… 
The Discriminatory British Policies and the Decline of Bengal Cotton Industry
Introduction Before the British rule in Bengal, the Hindu Kings and latter the Mughal emperors, their Subadars and the member of their noble court were great patrons of Bengal cotton manufactures. In
Falling Behind and Catching Up: India's Transition from a Colonial Economy
  • B. Gupta
  • Economics
    The Economic History Review
  • 2019
India fell behind during colonial rule. The absolute and relative decline of Indian GDP per capita with respect to Britain began before colonization and coincided with the rising textile trade with
Consumption of Cotton Cloth in India, 1795-1940
Using data on the production and usage of cotton, the paper develops estimates for the production and consumption of cotton cloth in India during 1795-1940, and based on these numbers, revisits three
How Do Microfinance Programs Contribute to Poverty Reduction
Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to address if microfinance institutions (MFIs) facilitate poverty reduction in Bangladesh. The research begins with an overview of the historical,
The Metabolic Ghetto: An Evolutionary Perspective on Nutrition, Power Relations and Chronic Disease
A multidisciplinary analysis of the role of nutrition in generating hierarchical societies and cultivating a global epidemic of chronic diseases.


Employment in nineteenth century Indian textiles
The “de-industrialization” of India has been a topic of extensive debate in the literature of political economy. Officials of the East India Company warned against it in the early days of the 18th
The silk industry in Bengal during colonial rule
This article examines two hypotheses on Bengal's silk industry during the colonial period: (a) whether the industry declined during the first half of the nineteenth century, and (b) whether the
European Companies and the Bengal Textile Industry in the Eighteenth Century: The Pitfalls of Applying Quantitative Techniques
Bengal textiles enjoyed a unique place and an indisputable supremacy in the world market for centuries before the invasion of the machinmade fabrics in the early nineteenth century following the
Cotton Textile Prices and the Industrial Revolution
C otton textile technology defined the British industrial revolution. To contemporaries and historians the invention of spinning machines, the development of the factory system, and the social
Cotton Textiles in England: the East India Company's Attempt to Exploit Developments in Fashion 1660-172 *
Men and women who wish to uphold the interests of the textile trade should “make fashion follow the trade, and not trade the fashion,” declared Daniel Defoe in 1705. But long before this time the
The indigo dye industry in colonial Bengal: A re-examination
This article seeks to document and analyse various facets of the indigo dye industry in Bengal during 1772-1860. Britain's trade in Indian indigo during 1600-1757 is first dis cussed here briefly to
On Estimating the Employment Implications of European Trade for the Eighteenth Century Bengal Textile Industry—A Reply
Elsewhere in this number, Sushil Chaudhury has provided a critique of a part of Chapter VIII of my book The Dutch East India Company and the Economy of Bengal 1630–1720 (Princeton University Press,
The Industrial Development of Bengal, 1900-1939
The present work examines the industrial experience of Bengal during the period 1900 to 1939 with particular emphasis on the role of the government as the main instrument for growth. For this work,
Inventive Activity in the British Textile Industry, 1700–1800
An analysis of innovations in the eighteenth-century British textile industry is the basis for an evaluation of aggregate studies of invention during the Industrial Revolution, derived from patent
Movements in the Quality of British Cotton Textile Exports, 1815–1913
i'HE purpose of this article is to investigate trends in the quality X of British cotton textile exports during the period 1815-1913. "Quality" is defined as real value per yard of cloth and pound of