Identifying psychological vulnerabilities: Studies on police suspects’ mental health issues and police officers’ views

  title={Identifying psychological vulnerabilities: Studies on police suspects’ mental health issues and police officers’ views},
  author={Koen Geijsen and C. de Ruiter and N. Kop},
  journal={Cogent Psychology},
Abstract Psychological vulnerabilities in police suspects may interfere with the demands of police interrogations, and thereby increase the risk of an unreliable statement, or even a false confession. This study examined: (1) the prevalence of a number of psychological vulnerabilities in police arrestees, and (2) the views of police officers on identifying vulnerable suspects. Both have not been studied previously in the Dutch context. Psychological assessments of a sample of police suspects (N… Expand
Persons at risk during interrogations in police custody : Different perspectives on vulnerable suspects
A false confession given by a suspect has major implications for the suspect himself or herself, the criminal investigation and ultimately the credibility of police and justice. Mentally vulnerableExpand
An exploratory examination of intellectual disability and mental illness associated with alleged false confessions.
This study used data from the National Registry of Exonerations and focused on a sample of 2,378 individuals convicted of felonies with a focus on sexual offenses, as such crimes tend to be viewed as particularly heinous with increased consequences for those convicted. Expand
The Science-Based Pathways to Understanding False Confessions and Wrongful Convictions
This review shows that there is now a solid scientific evidence base for the “expert” evaluation of disputed confession cases in judicial proceedings, through the three established error pathways to false confessions and wrongful convictions: misclassification, coercion, and contamination. Expand
Vulnerability assessment across the frontline of law enforcement and public health: a systematic review
Assessing vulnerability is an international priority area across law enforcement and public health (LEPH). Most contacts with frontline law enforcement professions now relate to ‘vulnerability’; fr...


Psychological vulnerabilities during police interviews. Why are they important
Over the past three decades much has been learned about the role and importance of psychological vulnerabilities in the context of unreliability of information obtained during police interviews. ThisExpand
Police-Induced Confessions: Risk Factors and Recommendations
This article concludes with a strong recommendation for the mandatory electronic recording of interrogations and considers other possibilities for the reform of interrogation practices and the protection of vulnerable suspect populations. Expand
Psychopathology in Police Custody: The Role of Importation, Deprivation and Interaction Models
People experiencing mental illness are over-represented among police cell detainees, however limited work has sought to investigate the occurrence of psychopathology in police custody. The presentExpand
False confessions to police and their relationship with conduct disorder, ADHD, and life adversity
Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms and life adversity have been associated with the reporting of false confessions to crime, but it is not known if these predict falseExpand
Interviewing adults with intellectual disabilities
People with intellectual disabilities commonly come into contact with the criminal justice system as victims, witnesses or suspects. Their intellectual disabilities may make them disadvantaged inExpand
Screening for mental illness among persons in Amsterdam police custody.
This study aimed to identify the proportion of persons detained by the Police Service Amsterdam-Amstelland who screened positive for a serious mental condition, and found this rate was lower than the rate reported for police detainees in Australia but substantially higher than the rates reported for persons incarcerated in U.S. jails. Expand
Policing Services With Mentally Ill People: Developing Greater Understanding and Best Practice
Although it is now well known that there is a disproportionate number of people with mental illnesses in the criminal justice system, surprising little attention has been paid to the challenges facedExpand
Police-induced confessions: an empirical analysis of their content and impact
Abstract Confessions have a greater impact on juries than other types of evidence, sometimes in the face of contradictory evidence. Twenty false confessions were content-analyzed to determine theExpand
The police and mental health.
The authors describe a variety of mobile crisis teams composed of police, mental health professionals, or both and the need for police officers to have training in recognizing mental illness and knowing how to access mental health resources is emphasized. Expand
The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions: A Handbook
About the Author.Series Preface.Preface.Acknowledgments.Introduction. PART I: INTERROGATIONS AND CONFESSIONS. Interrogation Tactics and Techniques. Interrogation in Britain. Persons at Risk DuringExpand