Identifying personal genomes by surname inference.

@article{Gymrek2013IdentifyingPG,
  title={Identifying personal genomes by surname inference.},
  author={Melissa Gymrek and Amy L McGuire and David E. Golan and Eran Halperin and Yaniv Erlich},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={339 6117},
  pages={
          321-4
        }
}
  • Melissa Gymrek, Amy L McGuire, +2 authors Yaniv Erlich
  • Published in Science 2013
  • Medicine, Computer Science
  • Sharing sequencing data sets without identifiers has become a common practice in genomics. Here, we report that surnames can be recovered from personal genomes by profiling short tandem repeats on the Y chromosome (Y-STRs) and querying recreational genetic genealogy databases. We show that a combination of a surname with other types of metadata, such as age and state, can be used to triangulate the identity of the target. A key feature of this technique is that it entirely relies on free… CONTINUE READING

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