Identifying drug-abusing criminals.

@article{Wish1988IdentifyingDC,
  title={Identifying drug-abusing criminals.},
  author={Eric D. Wish},
  journal={NIDA research monograph},
  year={1988},
  volume={86},
  pages={139-59}
}
In a criminal justice setting, urine testing is the most feasible and accurate method now available for screening large numbers of drug-using offenders. Self-report and record information can be effectively used to verify and extend information about the seriousness of use for those who test positive. The newer RIAH methods offer promise for delineating patterns of drug use over time if the method is valid, can be standardized, and gains acceptance from the scientific and judicial communities.