Identifying Election Fraud Using Orphan and Low Propensity Voters

  title={Identifying Election Fraud Using Orphan and Low Propensity Voters},
  author={Ray Christensen and Thomas J. Schultz},
  journal={American Politics Research},
  pages={311 - 337}
Although voter ID laws have become a hot topic of political debate, existing scholarship has failed to produce conclusive evidence concerning the existence or frequency of electoral fraud, especially the type of fraud that would be prevented by photo identification laws and signature verification protocols for voting by mail. We propose a new method of measuring election fraud, especially identity fraud, that is superior to previous measurement efforts because it measures actual instances of… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Photo identification laws and perceptions of electoral fraud
Photo identification (ID) laws are often passed on the premise that they will prevent voter fraud and/or reduce perceptions of electoral fraud. The impact of ID laws on perceptions of electoral fraudExpand
The media, voter fraud, and the U.S. 2012 elections
Debate over the existence and impact of voter fraud continues unabated in American politics. Despite minimal evidence of fraud cases and non-existent effects on election outcomes, Americans continueExpand
News attention to voter fraud in the 2008 and 2012 US elections
The nature and frequency of voter fraud figure prominently in many ongoing policy debates about election laws in the United States. Policy makers frequently cite allegations of voter fraud reportedExpand
One Person, One Vote: Estimating the Prevalence of Double Voting in U.S. Presidential Elections
Beliefs about the incidence of voter fraud inform how people view the trade-off between electoral integrity and voter accessibility. To better inform such beliefs about the rate of double voting, weExpand
Immigrant Resentment and Voter Fraud Beliefs in the U.S. Electorate
Public beliefs about the frequency of voter fraud are frequently cited to support restrictive voting laws in the United States. However, some sources of public beliefs about voter fraud have receivedExpand
The 2020 presidential election and beliefs about fraud: Continuity or change?
Abstract The 2020 presidential campaign was plagued by charges of voter fraud both before and after the election took place. While past literature finds that electoral losers are most likely toExpand
An exploration of Donald Trump's allegations of massive voter fraud in the 2016 General Election
As Republican candidate for president and later 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump has claimed repeatedly and vociferously that the 2016 General Election was tainted by massive voterExpand
Can Voter Identification Laws Increase Electoral Participation in the United States? Probably Not—A Simple Model of the Voting Market
Proponents of voter photographic identification (ID) laws in the United States have argued that such measures can increase overall voter turnout. The implications of this proposition contradictExpand
S000305541900087X 1..14
Beliefs about the incidence of voter fraud inform how people view the trade-off between electoral integrity and voter accessibility. To better inform such beliefs about the rate of double voting, weExpand
Revealing Discriminatory Intent: Legislator Preferences, Voter Identification, and Responsiveness Bias
Is bias in responsiveness to constituents conditional on the policy preferences of elected officials? The scholarly conventional wisdom is that constituency groups who do not receive policyExpand


Election Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation
Allegations of fraud have marred recent elections around the world, from Russia and Italy to Mexico and the United States. Such charges raise fundamental questions about the quality of democracy inExpand
Vote Fraud in the Eye of the Beholder: The Role of Public Opinion in the Challenge to Voter Identification Requirements
In the current debate over the constitutionality of voter identification laws, both the Supreme Court and defenders of such laws have justified them, in part, as counteracting a widespread fear ofExpand
The Truth About Voter Fraud
Allegations of election-related fraud make for enticing press. Voter fraud, in particular, has the feel of a bank heist caper: roundly condemned but technically fascinating, and sufficiently lurid toExpand
Voter Identification
In the wake of closely contested elections, calls for laws that require voters to present photo identification as a condition to cast a ballot have become pervasive. Advocates tend to rely on twoExpand
A new barrier to participation: Heterogeneous application of voter identification policies
In democratic societies there is a tension between maximizing ballot access and minimizing voter fraud. Since the 2000 presidential election, this tension has been central to discussions aboutExpand
Fraudulent Democracy? An Analysis of Argentina's Infamous Decade Using Supervised Machine Learning
This paper uses synthetic data to develop and train a fraud detection prototype and employs a naive Bayes classifier as a learning algorithm and relies on digital analysis to identify the features that are most informative about class distinctions. Expand
Protecting the Integrity of the Election Process
Abstract As the country once again prepares to elect a president, it is critically important that states implement measures that help improve the security and integrity of our elections. EnsuringExpand
The Disproportionate Impact of Voter-ID Requirements on the Electorate—New Evidence from Indiana
  • M. Barreto
  • PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2009
On January 8, 2008, the United States Supreme Court heard arguments in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, a case related to the discriminatory effects of voter-identification laws in the stateExpand
ID at the Polls : Assessing the Impact of Recent State Voter ID Laws on Voter Turnout
Last spring, in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, the Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s law requiring voters to show picture identification in order to vote, but the Court divided four ways overExpand
Deliver the Vote: A History of Election Fraud, an American Political Tradition-1742-2004
If elections are the lifeblood of a democracy, then we have an ailing body politic. From ballot stuffing and intimidating voters, to buying votes, suppressing turnout and manipulating returns,Expand