• Corpus ID: 64675268

Identification of yeast and yeast-like symbionts associated with Hishimonus phycitis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), the insect vector of lime witches' broom Phytoplasma.

@article{Hemmati2017IdentificationOY,
  title={Identification of yeast and yeast-like symbionts associated with Hishimonus phycitis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), the insect vector of lime witches' broom Phytoplasma.},
  author={Chamran Hemmati and Saeid Moharramipour and Majeed Askari Siahooei and Abdoolnabi Bagheri and Mohammad Mehrabadi},
  journal={Journal of Crop Protection},
  year={2017},
  volume={6},
  pages={439-446}
}
Witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL) is a lime disease that has destroyed several citrus orchards in Oman, United Arab Emirates and Iran. WBDL is caused by a bacterium ''Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia'' which is spread through the citrus orchards by a leafhopper, Hishimonus phycitis (Distant) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Leafhoppers are associated with symbiotic microorganisms which provide them with essential amino acids lacking in their diets. Yeast-like relationships with insects are… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Recurrent symbiont recruitment from fungal parasites in cicadas
TLDR
An insect group wherein an ancient symbiont lineage suffering massive genome erosion has experienced recurrent extinction and replacement by host-associated pathogenic microbes is reported, highlighting a straightforward ecological and evolutionary connection between parasitism and symbiosis.
Unity Makes Strength: A Review on Mutualistic Symbiosis in Representative Insect Clades
TLDR
This review presents several models of insect–bacteria symbioses that allow for the detangling of most known features of this distinctive way of living, using a combination of very diverse screening approaches, including molecular, microscopic, and genomic techniques.
Diversity and Functions of Yeast Communities Associated with Insects
TLDR
This review presents key advances and progress in the research field highlighting the diversity of yeast communities associated with insects, as well as their impact on insect life-history traits, immunity, and behavior.
Complex co-evolutionary relationships between cicadas and their symbionts.
TLDR
It is hypothesised that the cooling-climate changes impacted the interactions between cicadas and related Ophiocordyceps, which coupled with the unusual life cycle and the differentiation of cicada taxa may finally led to the diversification of YLS in Cicadidae.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Fungal and bacterial endosymbionts of eared leafhoppers of the subfamily Ledrinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
TLDR
Molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that the fungal symbionts are placed within the entomoparasitic fungal genus Ophiocordyceps, which uncovers an evolutionary process from a prokaryotic essential symbiosis to a eukaryotic one.
The yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus (Pichia anomala) inhabits the midgut and reproductive system of the Asian malaria vector Anopheles stephensi.
TLDR
It is shown that the yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus, previously known as Pichia anomala, is stably associated with the mosquito Anopheles stephensi, a main vector of malaria in Asia.
Identification of Yeast Associated with the Planthopper, Perkinsiella saccharicida: Potential Applications for Fiji Leaf Gall Control
TLDR
Two distinct yeasts were identified by PCR within the planthopper Perkinsiella saccharicida, the vector of Fiji disease virus to sugarcane, and one was a member of the Candida genus, a group that has been identified in beetles and recently described in planthoppers.
Evolutionary Studies on Uricases of Fungal Endosymbionts of Aphids and Planthoppers
TLDR
A gene tree was constructed based on the sequences of the uricase genes including their flanking regions, which strongly suggests that symbionts have been horizontally transferred from the aphids' lineage to the planthoppers'.
9 The Role of Yeasts as Insect Endosymbionts
TLDR
Several interesting symbiotic associations occur between insects and yeasts, and the benefit that accrues for the insect is better understood than the benefit to the yeasts.
Genomes of the rice pest brown planthopper and its endosymbionts reveal complex complementary contributions for host adaptation
TLDR
This study reveals a series of complex adaptations of the brown planthopper involving a variety of biological processes, that result in its highly destructive impact on the exclusive host rice.
Bacterial symbionts of the triatominae and their potential use in control of Chagas disease transmission.
TLDR
A method has been developed that would allow introduction and spread of genetically modified symbionts into natural populations of kissing bugs, thus leading potentially to a transgenic intervention tool for use as a part of an integrated vector control approach.
Functional and Evolutionary Analysis of the Genome of an Obligate Fungal Symbiont
TLDR
The patterns observed in the YLS of the aphid Cerataphis brasiliensis suggest that its symbiotic lifestyle is permissive to intron proliferation and accelerated sequence evolution, though other factors appear to limit its overall genome expansion.
...
...