Identification of war victims from mass graves in Croatia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina by use of standard forensic methods and DNA typing.

@article{Primorac1996IdentificationOW,
  title={Identification of war victims from mass graves in Croatia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina by use of standard forensic methods and DNA typing.},
  author={Dragan Primorac and Simun Andelinovi{\'c} and Marija Definis-Gojanovi{\'c} and Irena Drmi{\'c} and Boja Re{\vz}i{\'c} and M M Baden and Mayo Arai Kennedy and Moses S. Schanfield and S B Skakel and H. C. Lee},
  journal={Journal of forensic sciences},
  year={1996},
  volume={41 5},
  pages={
          891-4
        }
}
The postmortem remains of sixty-one war victims were excavated from 6 mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina one and a half years after interment Using standard identification methods, including the matching of medical and dental records, the recognition of distinguishing characteristics such as the use of clothing and belongings, and video superimposition, 35 persons were identified. For the remaining 26 persons identification efforts continue. DNA typing was performed at the HLA DQA1 locus and… Expand
Identification of human remains from the Second World War mass graves uncovered in Bosnia and Herzegovina
TLDR
The significant percentage of positively identified remains (60%), even when the number of the examined possible living relatives was relatively small (only 12), proved the importance of cooperation with the members of the local community, who helped to identify the closest missing persons’ relatives and collect referent samples from them. Expand
Discovering the 60 years old secret: identification of the World War II mass grave victims from the island of Daksa near Dubrovnik, Croatia
TLDR
This study showed that even in cases of more than 50-year-old, highly degraded human remains from mass graves, Y-chromosomal and autosomal STRs analysis can contribute to identification of the victims. Expand
Odontological identification of human remains from mass graves in Croatia
TLDR
Teeth, in combination with anthropological parameters, age, sex and height, as well as other specific characteristics such as tattoos, personal identification cards, clothes, jewellery and DNA, were helpful for identification of 64% of the victims, but the significance for the identification was not dominant. Expand
DNA Identification of Commingled Human Remains from the Cemetery Relocated by Flooding in Central Bosnia and Herzegovina
TLDR
The significance of DNA analysis in resolving the most complicated cases, such as the identification of commingled human skeletal remains in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been demonstrated. Expand
Skeletal remains from World War II mass grave: from discovery to identification.
TLDR
The analysis of remains from a mass grave from the World War II confirmed the value of patrilineal lineage based on Y-STRs, even when missing persons had left no offspring, as is the case with Franciscan monks. Expand
Twelve-year experience in identification of skeletal remains from mass graves.
TLDR
The advent of forensic DNA analysis methods greatly increased the ability to positively identify previously unknown skeletal remains by a comparative genetic analysis with presumptive relatives. Expand
From unknown to known: Identification of the remains at the mausoleum of fosse Ardeatine.
TLDR
The genetic analysis offered the families the possibility of replacing the number of the grave with the name of the victim, and confirmed the alleged relationship between three victims and their relatives with values over 104. Expand
Contribution of forensic anthropology to identification process in Croatia: examples of victims recovered in wells.
TLDR
Forensic anthropologists, collaborating closely with forensic pathologists, forensic odontologists,nsic radiologists, criminologists, and molecular biologists contributed significantly to trauma analysis and identification of war victims recovered from wells. Expand
Identification and analysis of human remains recovered from wells from the 1991 War in Croatia.
TLDR
The purpose of this paper is to report on the taphonomic, demographic and trauma characteristics of remains recovered from wells and identify factors responsible for the discrepancy in the identification ratios. Expand
Forensic and police identification of "X" bodies. A 6-years French experience.
TLDR
This retrospective analysis studied all methods of identification and characteristics of unidentified bodies arrived in the Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology during a 6-years period to determine the identification methods used during all the forensic investigations and to study causes and manner of death in this sample of the population. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Identification of the skeletal remains of a murder victim by DNA analysis
TLDR
This analysis establishes the authenticity of the bone DNA and the feasibility of bone DNA typing in forensic investigations, and reports the successful identification of the 8-year-old skeletal remains of a murder victim by comparative typing of nuclear microsatellite markers3. Expand
Identification of War Victims in Croatia
TLDR
The intention of this paper is to describe the organizational principles and indicate the results already achieved in the identification of war victims in Croatia, and to propose a model that could be used in the course of identification processes. Expand
[The medicolegal identification of victims of major disasters].
  • A. Haertig
  • Medicine
  • Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • 1986
TLDR
In the absence of data which can be used to compare the dental system of the victim with this of missing it is possible using single teeth to assess dental age and determine blood group, thereby providing the legal authorities with a group of additional arguments which can been used for presumptive identification. Expand
Medical team seeks to identify human remains from mass graves of war in former Yugoslavia.
TLDR
During the coming year, Dragan Primorac and his colleagues will be resuming their efforts to identify the remains of 26 of 61 persons found in six mass graves in a neighboring republic. Expand
[Identification in forensic medicine--significance and proof value].
  • O. Grüner
  • Medicine
  • Zeitschrift fur Rechtsmedizin. Journal of legal medicine
  • 1989
TLDR
Strictly speaking, identity in forensic identification can--if need be--be established by the evidence of living persons, but in most cases, identity is evident due to the numerous agreeable reference points, which are apparent in suitable, comparable material (photographs). Expand
A systematic approach to the sampling of dental DNA.
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that the odontologist will maximize the dental DNA yield by crushing the entire specimen but that substantial yields of human DNA can be obtained by using a conservative technique that preserves the tooth structure. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis of human skeletal remains: identification of remains from the Vietnam War.
TLDR
The results support the observation that in cases where conventional DNA typing is unavailable, mtDNA sequencing can be used for human remains identification. Expand
Typing of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from compact bone from human remains.
TLDR
The results suggest that amplification and typing of DNA extracted from compact bone of human remains could be useful in establishing the identity of a person, as well as in excluding possible false identifications. Expand
Extraction, evaluation, and amplification of DNA from decalcified and undecalcified United States Civil War bone.
TLDR
It is suggested that DNA can be extracted and amplified from 125 year old bone without decalcification, which may assist in the identity of modern and historic forensic specimens. Expand
Genetic markers in human bone: I. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis.
TLDR
DNA from several additional blood-bone pairs is shown to give concordant results for human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ alpha phenotypes following polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and hybridization to specific allele-specific oligonucleotide (ASO) probes. Expand
...
1
2
...