Identification of pheromone-induced surface proteins in Streptococcus faecalis and evidence of a role for lipoteichoic acid in formation of mating aggregates.

The conjugative transfer of the Streptococcus faecalis plasmid pAD1 is characterized by a 10,000-fold increase in frequency following sex pheromone (cAD1) induction. Before the increase in plasmid transfer, donor cells synthesize a proteinaceous adhesin that facilitates the formation of mating aggregates. Four novel surface proteins appearing after exposure… CONTINUE READING