A total of 298 bacterial isolates were collected from pea cultivars, landraces and breeding lines in North-Central Spain over several years. On the basis of biochemical-physiological characteristics and molecular markers, 225 of the isolates were identified as Pseudomonas syringae, either pv. pisi (110 isolates) or pv. syringae (112), indicating that pv. syringae is as frequent as pv. pisi as causal agent of bacterial diseases in pea. Most strains (222) were pathogenic on pea. Further race analyses of P. syringae pv. pisi strains identified race 4 (59.1% of the isolates of this pathovar), race 2 (20.0%), race 6 (11.8%), race 5 (3.6%) and race 3 (0.9%). Five isolates (4.6%) showed a not-previously described response pattern on tester pea genotypes, which suggests that an additional race 8 could be present in P. syringae pv. pisi. All the isolates of P. syringae pv. syringae were highly pathogenic when inoculated in the tester pea genotypes, and no significant pathogenic differences were observed. Simultaneous infections with P. syringae pv. pisi and pv. syringae in the same fields were observed, suggesting the importance of resistance to both pathovars in future commercial cultivars. The search for resistance among pea genotypes suitable for production in this part of Spain or as breeding material identified the presence of resistance genes for all P. syringae pv. pisi races except for race 6. The pea cultivars Kelvendon Wonder, Cherokee, Isard, Iceberg, Messire and Attika were found suitable sources of resistance to P. syringae pv. syringae.