Identification of human enteric pathogens in gull feces at Southwestern Lake Michigan bathing beaches.


Ring-billed (Larus delawarensis Ord, 1815) and herring (Larus argentatus Pontoppidan, 1763) gulls are predominant species of shorebirds in coastal areas. Gulls contribute to the fecal indicator burden in beach sands, which, once transported to bathing waters, may result in water quality failures. The importance of these contamination sources must not be… (More)
DOI: 10.1139/W08-096