Identification of glycans on plasma-derived ADAMTS13.

Abstract

Patients suffering from acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura develop autoantibodies directed toward the plasma glycoprotein ADAMTS13. Here, we studied the glycan composition of plasma-derived ADAMTS13. Purified ADAMTS13 was reduced, alkylated, and processed into peptides with either trypsin or chymotrypsin. Glycopeptides were enriched using zwitterionic HILIC zip-tips and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry employing higher-energy collision dissociation fragmentation. Upon detection of a diagnostic ion of a glycan fragment, electron transfer dissociation fragmentation was performed on the same precursor ion. The majority of N-linked glycans were of the complex type containing terminal sialic acids and fucose residues. A high mannose-containing glycan was attached to Asn614 in the spacer domain. Six O-linked glycans mostly terminating in sialic acid were found dispersed over ADAMTS13. Five O-linked glycans were attached to a Ser and one to Thr. All 6 O-linked glycans contained a terminal sialic acid. O-fucosylation is a common posttranslational modification of thrombospondin type 1 repeats. We identified 7 O-fucosylation sites in the thrombospondin (TSP) type 1 repeats. Unexpectedly, one additional O-fucosylation site was found in the disintegrin domain. This O-fucosylation site did not meet the proposed consensus sequence CSX(S/T)CG. C-mannosylation sites were identified in TSP1, linker TSP4-TSP5, and TSP8. Overall, our findings highlight the complexity of glycan modifications on ADAMTS13, which may have implications for its interaction with immune- or clearance receptors containing carbohydrate recognition domains.

Cite this paper

@article{Verbij2016IdentificationOG, title={Identification of glycans on plasma-derived ADAMTS13.}, author={Fabian C. Verbij and Eva Stokhuijzen and Paul H.P Kaijen and Floris Pieter Joachim van Alphen and Alexander Benjamin Meijer and Jan Voorberg}, journal={Blood}, year={2016}, volume={128 21}, pages={e51-e58} }