Identification of feeding attractants in oak sap for adults of two nymphalid butterflies, Kaniska canace and Vanessa indica

@article{mura2000IdentificationOF,
  title={Identification of feeding attractants in oak sap for adults of two nymphalid butterflies, Kaniska canace and Vanessa indica},
  author={H. {\^O}mura and K. Honda and N. Hayashi},
  journal={Physiological Entomology},
  year={2000},
  volume={25}
}
The active compounds of oak‐sap odour in attracting adults of two butterflies, Kaniska canace (L.) and Vanessa indica (Herbst) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), were identified by chemical analyses, electroantennogram (EAG) and two behavioural assays: proboscis extension reflex (PER) and attraction to artificial tree models. Fourteen compounds were identified from two sap samples collected in 1997 and 1998, of which the major volatiles were ethanol and acetic acid (≈ 900 p.p.m. and 500 p.p.m. in sap… Expand
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Running title : Taste sense in adult butterfly proboscis 2 3 4 Tolerance to fermentation products in sugar reception : Gustatory adaptation of adult 5 butterfly proboscis for feeding on rotting foods
Adult Vanessa indica and Argyreus hyperbius frequently forage on flower 21 nectar, but the former also utilize tree sap and rotting fruits. Compared to flower 22 nectar, these rotting foods areExpand
Critical factors in the limited occurrence of the Japanese tree sap mite Hericia sanukiensis (Acari: Astigmata: Algophagidae) inhabiting the sap of the oak Quercus acutissima
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It is suggested that the settlement of H. sanukiensis populations requires tree holes as an overwintering habitat, because nitidulid beetles also concentrated in areas with high sap production and did not disperse from such habitats during the sap flow season. Expand
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