Identification of centromeric regions on the linkage map of cotton using centromere-related repeats.


Centromere usually contains high-copy-number retrotransposons and satellite repeats, which are difficult to map, clone and sequence. Currently, very little is known about the centromere in cotton. Here, we sequenced a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) mapping to the centromeric region and predicted four long-terminal-repeat (LTR) retrotransposons. They were located in the heterochromatic centromeric regions of all 52 pachytene chromosomes in Gossypium hirsutum. Fiber-FISH mapping revealed that these retrotransposons span an area of at least 1.8Mb in the centromeric region. Comparative analysis showed that these retrotransposons generated similar, strong fluorescent signals in the D progenitor Gossypium raimondii but not in the A progenitor Gossypium herbaceum, suggesting that the centromere sequence of tetraploid cotton might be derived from the D progenitor. Centromeric regions were anchored on 13 chromosomes of D-genome sequence. Characterization of these centromere-related repeats and regions will enhance cotton centromere mapping, sequencing and evolutionary studies.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2014.09.002

Cite this paper

@article{Zhang2014IdentificationOC, title={Identification of centromeric regions on the linkage map of cotton using centromere-related repeats.}, author={Wenpan Zhang and Yujie Cao and Kai Wang and Ting Zhao and Jiedan Chen and Mengqiao Pan and Qiong Wang and Shouli Feng and Wangzhen Guo and Baoliang Zhou and Tianzhen Zhang}, journal={Genomics}, year={2014}, volume={104 6 Pt B}, pages={587-93} }