Identification of an intact ParaHox cluster with temporal colinearity but altered spatial colinearity in the hemichordate Ptychodera flava

@inproceedings{Ikuta2013IdentificationOA,
  title={Identification of an intact ParaHox cluster with temporal colinearity but altered spatial colinearity in the hemichordate Ptychodera flava},
  author={Tetsuro Ikuta and Yi-Chih Chen and Rossella Annunziata and Hu Ting and Che-huang Tung and Ryo Koyanagi and Kunifumi Tagawa and T. G. J. Humphreys and Asao Fujiyama and Hidetoshi Saiga and Noriyuki Satoh and Jr-Kai Yu and Maria I Arnone and Yi-Hsien Su},
  booktitle={BMC Evolutionary Biology},
  year={2013}
}
ParaHox and Hox genes are thought to have evolved from a common ancestral ProtoHox cluster or from tandem duplication prior to the divergence of cnidarians and bilaterians. Similar to Hox clusters, chordate ParaHox genes including Gsx, Xlox, and Cdx, are clustered and their expression exhibits temporal and spatial colinearity. In non-chordate animals, however, studies on the genomic organization of ParaHox genes are limited to only a few animal taxa. Hemichordates, such as the Enteropneust… CONTINUE READING
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Intact cluster and conserved expression of ParaHox genes in the asteroid Patiria miniata

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