Identification of a third Protein 4.1 tumor suppressor, Protein 4.1R, in meningioma pathogenesis.

Abstract

Meningiomas are common central nervous system tumors; however, the mechanisms underlying their pathogenesis are largely undefined. In this report, we demonstrate that a third Protein 4.1 family member, Protein 4.1R, functions as a meningioma tumor suppressor. We observed loss of Protein 4.1R expression in two meningioma cell lines (IOMM-Lee, CH157-MN) by Western blotting as well as in 6 of 15 sporadic meningiomas by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. In support of a meningioma tumor suppressor function, Protein 4.1R overexpression resulted in reduced IOMM-Lee and CH157-MN cell proliferation. Similar to the Protein 4.1B and merlin tumor suppressors, Protein 4.1R membrane localization increased significantly under conditions of growth arrest in vitro. Lastly, we show that Protein 4.1R interacted with a subset of merlin/Protein 4.1B interactors including CD44 and betaII-spectrin. Collectively, these results suggest that Protein 4.1R functions as an important tumor suppressor in the molecular pathogenesis of meningioma.

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@article{Robb2003IdentificationOA, title={Identification of a third Protein 4.1 tumor suppressor, Protein 4.1R, in meningioma pathogenesis.}, author={Victoria A Robb and Wen Li and Philippe Gascard and Arie Perry and Narla Mohandas and David H Gutmann}, journal={Neurobiology of disease}, year={2003}, volume={13 3}, pages={191-202} }