An N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc)-binding protein of 170 kDa has been isolated from hen serum and egg yolk. Another GlcNAc-binding protein of higher molecular mass was present only in the serum. The 170 kDa protein co-electrophoresed and co-chromatographed in gel filtration with a chicken IgG, and behaved identical to chicken IgG in double immunodiffusion with goat anti-chicken gamma chain antiserum. The sugar-binding hierarchy for the serum and yolk binding proteins, determined with bovine serum albumin neoglycoproteins, was GlcNAc greater than N-acetyl-D-galactosamine greater than glucose = galactose = L-fucose greater than mannose. This hierarchy was unlike any previously reported GlcNAc-binding proteins. The larger serum binding protein component was shown to be an IgM by double immunodiffusion with goat anti-chicken mu chain antiserum. The serum and yolk GlcNAc-binding proteins comprise a unique set of sugar-binding immunoglobulins distinct from the previously reported hen serum and yolk mannose-binding proteins (Wang et al., 1986).