Identification of CYP3A4 as the predominant isoform responsible for the metabolism of ambroxol in human liver microsomes.

Abstract

1. In humans, ambroxol is metabolized to dibromoanthranilic acid (DBAA) and 6,8-dibromo-3-(trans-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinazoli ne (DHTQ). The formation of DHTQ proceeds non-enzymatically, whereas that of DBAA requires NADPH. Studies have been performed to identify the CYP isozyme(s) involved in the formation of DBAA using human liver… (More)

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