Identification and structural characterization of O-beta-ribosyl-(1"----2')-adenosine-5"-phosphate in yeast methionine initiator tRNA.

Abstract

We report in this paper on the complete structure determination of the modified nucleotide A*, now called Ar(p), that was previously identified in yeast methionine initiator tRNA as an isomeric form of O-ribosyl-adenosine bearing an additional phosphoryl-monoester group on its ribose2 moiety. By using the chemical procedure of periodate oxidation and subsequent beta-elimination with cyclohexylamine on mono- and dinucleotides containing Ar(p), we characterized the location of the phosphate group on the C-5" of the ribose2 moiety, and the linkage between the two riboses as a (1"----2')-glycosidic bond. Since the structural difference between phosphatase treated Ar(p) and authentic O-alpha-ribosyl-(1"----2')-adenosine from poly(ADP-Ribose) was previously assigned to an isomeric difference in the ribose2-ribose1 linkage, the (1"----2')-glycosidic bond of Ar(p) was deduced to have a beta-spatial configuration. Thus, final chemical structure for Ar(p) at the position 64 in yeast initiator tRNA(Met) has been established as O-beta-ribosyl-(1"----2')-adenosine-5"-phosphate. This nucleotide is linked by a 3',5'-phosphodiester bond to G at the position 65.

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@article{Keith1990IdentificationAS, title={Identification and structural characterization of O-beta-ribosyl-(1"----2')-adenosine-5"-phosphate in yeast methionine initiator tRNA.}, author={G{\'e}rard Keith and A L Glasser and Jean Desgr{\`e}s and Kenneth C. Kuo and Charles W . Gehrke}, journal={Nucleic acids research}, year={1990}, volume={18 20}, pages={5989-93} }