Identification and quantitation of 5-fluoro-ADB, one of the most dangerous synthetic cannabinoids, in the stomach contents and solid tissues of a human cadaver and in some herbal products

  title={Identification and quantitation of 5-fluoro-ADB, one of the most dangerous synthetic cannabinoids, in the stomach contents and solid tissues of a human cadaver and in some herbal products},
  author={Koutaro Hasegawa and Amin Wurita and Kayoko Minakata and Kunio Gonmori and Itaru Yamagishi and Hideki Nozawa and Kanako Watanabe and Osamu Suzuki},
  journal={Forensic Toxicology},
AbstractSince late September 2014, there have been approximately 10 cases in Japan where people have died from inhaling smoke from herbal blends containing a newly emerged synthetic cannabinoid. Although the drug was tentatively identified by some drug-monitoring institutions as 5-fluoro-ADB, to our knowledge, its data have not been published in any scientific context. We recently encountered an autopsy case in which 5-fluoro-ADB was involved. The deceased was a 34-year-old man who was found… 
Identification of 5-Fluoro ADB in Human Whole Blood in Four Death Cases.
Four deaths that seemed to have been caused by a designer drug occurred within a 3-week period in Sendai, Japan, and it was revealed that the product contained a synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist, 5-fluoro ADB, which is now classified as a restricted designer drug in Japan after it caused several casualties.
Postmortem distribution of MAB-CHMINACA in body fluids and solid tissues of a human cadaver
The results show that the victim smoked one of the three herbal blend products containing both MAB-CHMINACA and 5-fluoro-ADB, resulting in the coexistence of both compounds, leading to death after a short interval.
Fatal intoxication with new synthetic cannabinoids AMB-FUBINACA and EMB-FUBINACA
The presented case shows that synthetic cannabinoids can be undetected in the blood of even seriously or fatally intoxicated people and suggests that AMB-FUBINACA and EMB-FubINACA use is dangerous to health and may lead to fatal intoxication.
Metabolic profiling of synthetic cannabinoid 5F-ADB by human liver microsome incubations and urine samples using high-resolution mass spectrometry.
The in vitro metabolism of 5F-ADB was investigated by using pooled human liver microsomes assay and liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) and identified 20 metabolites formed via ester hydrolysis, N-dealkylation, oxidative defluorination, hydroxylations, dehydrogenation, further oxidation to N-pentanoic acid and glucuronidation or a combination of these reactions in vitro.
Identification and Quantification of 5-Fluoro ADB and the 5-Fluoro ADB Ester Hydrolysis Metabolite in Postmortem Blood Samples by LC-MS/MS.
This method met both precision and accuracy requirements and may be a useful marker to monitor in an attempt to confirm 5-fluoro ADB use in toxicological investigations.
Mono-/polyintoxication with 5F-ADB: A case series.
Metabolic Profiling of Synthetic Cannabinoid 5F-ADB and Identification of Metabolites in Authentic Human Blood Samples via Human Liver Microsome Incubation and Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography/High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry.
The results demonstrate that it is imperative that synthetic cannabinoid assays screen for pharmacologically active metabolites, especially for drugs with short half-lives, and propose that M1 and M5 are appropriate markers to include in laboratory blood tests screening for 5F-ADB.
Identification of New Synthetic Cannabinoid ADB-CHMINACA (MAB-CHMINACA) Metabolites in Human Hepatocytes
Ten major metabolites of ADB-CHMINACA, a new synthetic cannabinoid with high potency and many reported adverse events and fatalities, are detected in hepatocyte incubations to identify its major metabolites and guide analytical standard manufacturers to better provide suitable references for further studies.


A case of death caused by abuse of a synthetic cannabinoid N-1-naphthalenyl-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide
A man aged in his twenties was found dead on the floor in his room. A package containing dried herbal blend labeled “Fairy evolution” and smoking devices were found in the room. The postmortem
Postmortem distribution of α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone and its metabolite in body fluids and solid tissues in a fatal poisoning case measured by LC–MS–MS with the standard addition method
The extremely high concentration of the drug in urine and the relatively high concentration in the kidney suggested that α-PVP is rapidly excreted into urine via the kidney, and the findings of this study will be useful for assessment of future cases of α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone poisoning.
Postmortem distribution of AB-CHMINACA, 5-fluoro-AMB, and diphenidine in body fluids and solid tissues in a fatal poisoning case: usefulness of adipose tissue for detection of the drugs in unchanged forms
The results suggest that adipose tissue is the best specimen for detection of lipophilic drugs, such as AB-CHMINACA, 5-fluoro-AMB, and diphenidine, in their unchanged forms in an autopsy case in which multiple drugs were judged as poisoning by multiple drugs.
A fatal case of MAM-2201 poisoning
A 59-year-old man was found dead in his house, where three sachets containing herbal blends were found on a table and it was concluded that the man’s death was caused by acute intoxication with MAM-2201 and the distribution of the drug in postmortem human tissues and blood was described.
A large amount of new designer drug diphenidine coexisting with a synthetic cannabinoid 5-fluoro-AB-PINACA found in a dubious herbal product
Traffic police brought five dubious herbal product packages to our laboratory for toxicological analysis. These products usually contain one or multiple kinds of synthetic cannabinoids. In one of the
Identification and quantitation of a new cathinone designer drug PV9 in an “aroma liquid” product, antemortem whole blood and urine specimens, and a postmortem whole blood specimen in a fatal poisoning case
This is the first reported identification and quantitation of PV9 in human specimens in a fatal PV9 poisoning case and the probable coexistence of a β-hydroxyl metabolite was investigated.
Analysis of the prevalence and coexistence of synthetic cannabinoids in “herbal high” products in Poland
Abstract“Herbal highs” are a group of products marketed in recent years as legal substitutes for marijuana. This article presents the results of examinations performed on samples seized in “head
Changes in the prevalence of synthetic cannabinoids and cathinone derivatives in Japan until early 2012
The changes in the prevalence of designer drugs and their legal status in Japan were investigated on the basis of the analyses of 686 different products containing synthetic cannabinoids and/or
A fatal case of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone poisoning: coexistence of α-pyrrolidinobutiophenone and α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone in blood and/or hair
This is the first report dealing with MDPV in human hair segments, and with α-PBP in human specimens, and it is concluded that the woman died of acute M DPV poisoning, and that she had abused MDPVs and α-pyrrolidinobutiophenone for a long time.