Ideas, Social Structure and the Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism

  title={Ideas, Social Structure and the Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism},
  author={Steven Bernstein},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  pages={464 - 512}
  • S. Bernstein
  • Published 1 December 2000
  • Economics
  • European Journal of International Relations
Recent scholarship on international norms neglects the question of why some norms get selected over others to define and regulate appropriate behavior. I introduce a `socio-evolutionary' explanation for the entrance and evolution of norms, which focuses on the interaction of ideas with the social structure they encounter. This explanation best accounts for the most significant shift in environmental governance over the last 30 years, the surprising convergence of environmental and liberal… 

Liberal Environmentalism and Global Environmental Governance

  • S. Bernstein
  • Political Science
    Global Environmental Politics
  • 2002
Global environmental governance rests on a set of norms best characterized by the label liberal environmentalism. The 1992 Earth Summit catalyzed the process of institutionalizing these norms, which

Agents, Subjects, Objects, or Phantoms? Labor, the Environment, and Liberal Institutionalization

The liberal institutionalization of world politics has engendered a vibrant debate over its form and its content. The proposals range from those aiming at the democratization of international

From consent to consultation: Indigenous rights and the new environmental constitutionalism

ABSTRACT International biodiversity politics is traced from the Brundtland Report (1987) to the Paris climate agreement of 2015. While continuously expanding in scope, international biodiversity

Global Liberalism Versus Political Islam: Competing Ideological Frameworks in International Politics'

Over the past decade, a vibrant international relations (IR) research agenda has developed around the role of norms and the dynamics of normative change in world politics (for reviews, see Adler

Changing ideas, changing norms: The case of ‘the responsibility to rebuild’

Whilst much has been written on emergence of new norms in international politics, we know significantly less about changes to the ideas and assumptions that underpin such norms. Examined at

Argumentation and Compromise: Ireland's Selection of the Territorial Status Quo Norm

How do states come to select norms? I contend that, given a number of conditions are present, states select norms in three ideal-typical stages: innovative argumentation, persuasive argumentation,

The Embeddedness of Earth System Governance in the International Political System : Towards a Geopolitics of Climate Change

The dominant actors of earth system governance remain the world's major economic powers – due to their financial wealth, pool of scientific knowledge, and military-diplomatic capacities. Mainstream

Democracy as a Foundational Idea of Integration

The central aim of this book is to explore if and how democracy had an impact upon regionalization in the South American Cone. Chapters four and five challenged the argument that institutional and

The Ideas Debate in International and European Studies: Towards a Cartography and Critical Assessment

The appeal to ideas as causal variables and/or constitutive features of political processes increasingly characterizes political analysis. Yet, perhaps because of the pace of this ideational



The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism

The most significant shift in environmental governance over the last thirty years has been the convergence of environmental and liberal economic norms toward "liberal environmentalism"-which

Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics

This article reformulates liberal international relations (IR) theory in a nonideological and nonutopian form appropriate to empirical social science. Liberal IR theory elaborates the insight that

The Evolution of International Norms

This article puts forward a theoretical explanation for why norms of international behavior change over time. It argues that the mainstream neorealist and neoliberal arguments on the static nature of

The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis

Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both

Problems and Prospects in the Study of International Norms

The twin concepts of state sovereignty and international anarchy underlie much of contemporary theorizing about world politics. For many theorists, the absence of a central arbiter condemns nations

The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders

The history of international political orders is written in terms of continuity and change in domestic and international political relations. As a step toward understanding such continuity and

What's at stake in the agent-structure debate?

Recent developments in the philosophy of science, particularly those falling under the rubric of “scientific realism,” have earned growing recognition among theorists of international relations but

Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics

Preface Contributors 1. Governance, order and change in world politics James N. Rosenau 2. Governance with government: polyarchy in nineteenth-century European international politics K. J. Holsti 3.

The causal effects of ideas on policies

  • A. S. Yee
  • Sociology
    International Organization
  • 1996
Behavioral, institutional, and discursive analyses of the causal effects of ideas on policies present various difficulties. Meaning-oriented behavioralism is hampered by its reliance on statistical

The environment after Rio : international law and economics

The United Nationsl Confeence on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, forms a cornerstone in the development of a new international regime for the protection of