author={Andr{\'e} Spicer},
  journal={Renaissance Quarterly},
  pages={1007 - 1022}
  • A. Spicer
  • Published 2017
  • History
  • Renaissance Quarterly
ON 10 AUGUST 1566, the Reformed preacher Sébastien Matte delivered an inflammatory sermon at the village church of Steenvoorde in the westkwartier (west quarter) of Flanders, which led some of the congregation to attack the religious images, paintings, and other liturgical items at the nearby religious house of Saint Laurent. This was the start of the beeldenstorm (image storm) or iconoclastic fury, which spread rapidly through Flanders and across the Habsburg Netherlands. Ten days later, the… 


  • M. Vincent
  • History
    Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
  • 2020
Abstract The anticlerical violence of the Spanish Civil War has received significant scholarly attention in recent years. However, there has been relatively little focus on the iconoclasm, even

Keeping Everyone on Board: Gregory the Great’s ‘Theory of Iconoclasm’

Pope Gregory the Great (s. 590–604) wrote two letters to Bishop Serenus of Marseilles, reproaching his acts of iconoclasm that had led to schism in his community. These short documents are considered

Presenting the Law: Text and Imagery on Dutch Ten Commandments Panels

Many Dutch Calvinist churches house a Ten Commandments panel, installed in the late sixteenth or seventeenth century as part of the Reformed adaptation of the medieval Catholic church interior. In

Challenging Narratives: Arthur Ashe and the Practice of Counter-Monumentality on Richmond’s Monument Avenue

Abstract Monument Avenue, a national historic landmark in Richmond, Virginia, has long been famous for its grand portrait monuments honouring local Civil War “heroes.” In 1996, the memorial landscape

Egypt's cultural heritage in conflict situations: examination of past and present impact

In recent decades, the remarkable cultural heritage of Egypt has been threatened by loss or damage due to many conflict situations. These have led to looting, smuggling, vandalism, encroachment,

‘Look on my works ye mighty…’: Iconoclasm, education and the fate of statues

  • R. Davis
  • Art
    Journal of Philosophy of Education
  • 2021
In pursuit of an alternative perspective on the so-called ‘statues controversy’, this essay brings recent interpretations of the enduring ‘power’, ‘gaze’ and ‘magic’ of statues into alignment with

Formation of a Civic Identity System in School Education and Popular Culture (Using the Example of the USA)

  • Y. LevinA. Buranok
  • Sociology
    Proceedings of the IX International Scientific and Practical Conference “Current Problems of Social and Labour Relations" (ISPC-CPSLR 2021)
  • 2022
The article is devoted to such a complex issue as the development of ideas about civic identity. The topic of approaches to this ideological construction in the 20th century USA, primarily within the

A Iconoclastia Contemporânea: O Antirracismo Entre a Descolonização da Arte e a (Re)Sacralização do Espaço Público

Este artigo tem por objetivo contribuir para a reflexão sobre as fenomenologias da não identificação com o património cultural e artístico, nomeadamente, o arquitetónico e o escultórico, instalado no



Under Construction?: The Catholic Community in Ghent after the Beeldenstorm

While the iconoclasm of 1566 has been a popular topic in the historiography of the Low Countries, we know little about the people who endured iconoclasm. Generally, Catholics in the Low Countries

Picking up the Pieces: Catholic Material Culture and Iconoclasm in the Low Countries

In 1566 the Catholic majority in the Low Countries witnessed the large-scale destruction of their religious habitat during the Beeldenstorm. Afterwards, Catholics treated the objects that had fallen

Art after Iconoclasm: Painting in the Netherlands between 1566 and 1585

Rather than as a destructive moment in history, the Iconoclasm of 1566 in the Netherlands was the catalyst for a re-evaluation of (religious) art in the Low Countries. It forced painters to question

After iconoclasm: reconciliation and resacralization in the southern Netherlands, ca. 1566-85

This article considers the institutional response to the Iconoclastic Fury and the iconoclasm of the early 1580s in the southern provinces of the Netherlands. Although the restoration of Catholicism

Iconoclast, Iconoclastic, and Iconoclasm: Notes Towards a Genealogy

This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the genealogy of the terms 'iconoclast(ic)' and 'iconoclasm.' After some observations on the beginning of early Christian art that stress

Art Under Attack: Histories of British Iconoclasm

Published to accompany a major exhibition at Tate Britain, this fully illustrated catalogue explores the history of attacks on art in Britain, from the reformation of the sixteenth century to the

Embodied piety sacrament houses and iconoclasm in the sixteenth-century Low countries

On the eve of the Beeldenstorm, a great number of churches in the Low Countries had a sacrament house, a shrine for the Corpus Christi, often metres high. These monstrance-like tabernacles were

Iconoclasts Anonymous: Why did it take Historians so long to identify the Image-breakers of 1566?

This article asks why until the mid-twentieth century both Catholic and Protestant interpretations of the iconoclasm converged on the anonymising of the iconoclasts of 1566. It argues that, while a

Remembering the Martyrdom of Saint Francis of Paola: History, Memory and Minim Identity in Seventeenth-Century France

On April 7, 1562, Protestant forces sacked the Minim monastery on the grounds of the royal chateau at Plessis outside Tours in France. During the looting iconoclasts forced open the tomb of the


These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the Lord God of thy fathers giveth thee. Ye shall utterly destroy all the places wherein the nations which ye