Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 °C global warming could be dangerous

@article{Hansen2016IceMS,
  title={Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 °C global warming could be dangerous},
  author={J. Hansen and Makiko Sato and P. Hearty and R. Ruedy and M. Kelley and V. MASSON-DELMOTTE and G. Russell and G. Tselioudis and Junji Cao and E. Rignot and I. Velicogna and Blair R. Tormey and Bailey G. Donovan and E. Kandiano and K. V. Schuckmann and P. Kharecha and A. LeGrande and M. Bauer and Kwok-Wai Lo},
  journal={Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics},
  year={2016},
  volume={16},
  pages={3761-3812}
}
Abstract. We use numerical climate simulations, paleoclimate data, and modern observations to study the effect of growing ice melt from Antarctica and Greenland. Meltwater tends to stabilize the ocean column, inducing amplifying feedbacks that increase subsurface ocean warming and ice shelf melting. Cold meltwater and induced dynamical effects cause ocean surface cooling in the Southern Ocean and North Atlantic, thus increasing Earth's energy imbalance and heat flux into most of the global… Expand
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Linkages between atmospheric blocking, sea ice export through Fram Strait and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
TLDR
It is shown that the 1962–1966 period of enhanced blocking activity over Greenland resulted in anomalous sea ice accumulation in the Arctic and ended with a sea ice flush from the Arctic into the North Atlantic Ocean through Fram Strait, indicating that an important part of the atmosphere-ocean dynamics at mid- and high latitudes requires a proper representation of the Fram Strait sea ice transport. Expand
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