Ibn al-Nafis (1210–1288): The First Description of the Pulmonary Circulation

@article{Loukas2008IbnA,
  title={Ibn al-Nafis (1210–1288): The First Description of the Pulmonary Circulation},
  author={Marios Loukas and R Lam and R. Shane Tubbs and Mohammadali M. Shoja and Nihal Apaydın},
  journal={The American Surgeon},
  year={2008},
  volume={74},
  pages={440 - 442}
}
Ibn al-Nafis (1210–1288) was an Arab physician who contributed much to the advancement of medical knowledge and science in the 13th century. He was involved in jurisprudence, politics, and anatomical studies as well. Although a prominent ophthalmologist by training, today he is most recognized for his discovery of the lesser or pulmonary circulation. His was the first work to contradict the accepted teachings of Galen, which had existed since the 2nd century AD. His description included the… 

Figures from this paper

Ibn al-Nafis, the pulmonary circulation, and the Islamic Golden Age.

  • J. West
  • History
    Journal of applied physiology
  • 2008
Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288) was an Arab physician who made several important contributions to the early knowledge of the pulmonary circulation. He was the first person to challenge the long-held

The Discoverer of Pulmonary Blood Circulation: Ibn Nafis or William Harvey?

The primary discoverer of pulmonary blood circulation is Ibn Nafis and his theories have affected what has been proposed after him, however, Arabs and Muslims' insufficient attention to their scientific legacy have paved the way for some Western scientists to name many of their invaluable and groundbreaking theories after themselves.

Development of Anatomophysiologic Knowledge Regarding the Cardiovascular System: From Egyptians to Harvey

The resurgence of dissection of the human body in Europe in the 14th century was associated with the revival of the knowledge pertaining to the CVS, and the main findings were the description of pulmonary circulation by Servetus, the anatomical discoveries of Vesalius, the demonstration ofmonary circulation by Colombo, andThe discovery of valves in veins by Fabricius.

Avicenna's contribution to cardiology

Avicenna was the first to describe carotid sinus hypersensitivity, which presents with vasovagal syncope, and the first correct explanation of pulsation was given by Avicenna, after he refined Galen′s theory of the pulse.

Avicenna's contribution to cardiology

Avicenna was the first to describe carotid sinus hypersensitivity, which presents with vasovagal syncope, and the first correct explanation of pulsation was given by Avicenna, after he refined Galen’s theory of the pulse.

History of cardiac anatomy: A comprehensive review from the egyptians to today

The nature, function, and anatomy of the heart have been extensively studied since 3500 B.C. and the Alexandrian, Roman, Medieval Islamic, and European eras included turning points in the history of cardiac anatomy.

The three fetal shunts: A story of wrong eponyms

The current anatomical nomenclature of the fetal cardiac shunts is historically inappropriate because these structures were described by Galen of Pergamon centuries earlier.

Sejarah Ringkas Perkembangan Ilmu Berkaitan Perubatan Transfusi dan Sumbangan Ibn Nafis sebelum William Harvey, 1628

William Harvey was the most prominent scholar and regarded as the Father of Human Blood Circulation System for describing human cardiovascular system, and little-known that 300 years before Harvey, Ibn Nafis was first to describe human blood circulation system in his writting.

A Historical Overview of Cardiovascular Medicine and Heart Failure

Judging by artifacts ranging from writings on papyrus to cave etchings and paintings from the Paleolithic Era, it is clear that the heart has always been a source of fascination, speculation, and

References

SHOWING 1-8 OF 8 REFERENCES

Ibn An-Nafîs (XIIIth Cent.) and His Theory of the Lesser Circulation

SISTRATOS, lIlrd Cent. B. C.) succeeded in forming an approximate idea of the anatomical conditions of the vessels connecting heart and lungs. TPhis knowledge was widened by the physiological

On the 700th anniversary of the death of Ibn an-Nafis (b. ca. 1210, d. 1288)

  • N. Hamarneh
  • History, Medicine
    Documenta Ophthalmologica
  • 2004
In 1924, a medical thesis appeared in Germany and caused a real sensation among medical historians in Europe: Ibn an-Nafīs was the first author in history to describe the pulmonary circulation.

Early Islamic physicians and thorax.

  • H. Batirel
  • History
    The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • 1999

Arabic medicine and nephrology.

  • G. Eknoyan
  • History
    American journal of nephrology
  • 1994
During the Dark Ages following the fall of the Roman Empire, the Arabic world was instrumental in fostering the development of the sciences, including medicine, and the dissemination of the compiled texts was facilitated by the introduction of paper from the East.

Evolution of the theory of circulation.

Vascular knowledge in medieval times was the turning point for the humanistic trend.

A study of Ibn Nafis.

A Latin translation of Ibn Nafis (1547) related to the problem of the circulation of the blood.

  • C. O'malley
  • Medicine
    Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences
  • 1957