Ibn al-Nafis, the pulmonary circulation, and the Islamic Golden Age.

@article{West2008IbnAT,
  title={Ibn al-Nafis, the pulmonary circulation, and the Islamic Golden Age.},
  author={John B. West},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={105 6},
  pages={1877-80}
}
Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288) was an Arab physician who made several important contributions to the early knowledge of the pulmonary circulation. He was the first person to challenge the long-held contention of the Galen School that blood could pass through the cardiac interventricular septum, and in keeping with this he believed that all the blood that reached the left ventricle passed through the lung. He also stated that there must be small communications or pores (manafidh in Arabic) between the… CONTINUE READING
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