IUE observations of Solar System objects

  title={IUE observations of Solar System objects},
  author={Arthur Lonne Lane and Emmet W. Hamrick and Albert Boggess and D. C. Evans and Theodore R. Gull and Francis Schiffer and Barry E. Turnrose and P. M. Perry and A. Holm and Ferdinando Duccio Macchetto and Prabhakar Gondhalekar and Garry E. Hunt and R. J. Wilson and Tobias C. Owen and H. Warren Moos and Martin George Tomasko and Thomas Gehrels and Rebecca Conway and Charles A. Barth},
During the scientific commissioning phase of IUE several spectra were acquired from objects residing in the Solar System. The activities focused on testing numerous parameters which would indicate the usefulness of IUE for planetary science. It seems that IUE can successfully tackle many important questions and the data analysis and interpretation of the initial set of observations has begun. 

The IUE spacecraft and instrumentation

The International Ultraviolet Explorer satellite operates as an astronomical observatory to provide both high and low resolution UV spectra of sources other than the Sun. The spacecraft, its

In-flight performance of the IUE

After the IUE's successful launch into an eccentric geosynchronous orbit, and following initial spacecraft checkout, observations were made of a set of high priority targets as an insurance against

Remote sensing analysis of solar-system objects

Most of our knowledge of solar-system objects has been achieved by remote sensing observations, and, in particular, by spectroscopy at all wavelengths. Solar-system spectra mainly show two

Cometary collisions on the Moon and Mercury

Unusual swirl patterns of bright and dark material on the Moon and Mercury are proposed to be remnants of collisions with gas/dust-rich regions within a cometary coma. This interpretation provides

Primordial matter in the outer solar system: A study of its chemical composition from remote spectroscopic analysis

Our knowledge of the primordial matter from the objects of the outer solar system has made a considerable progress over the past years, in spite of the lack of any in situ measurements of these

The history of IUE

The International Ultraviolet Explorer, in the form of its acronym, IUE, has become a household name to astronomers throughout the world. Launched on January 26, 1978, it is still operational at the

IUE detection of bursts of H LYα emission from Saturn

An extended source of H Lyα emission (1,216 Å) from the vicinity of Saturn has been detected previously by a rocket-borne spectrometer1, the OAO–Copernicus satellite2, and the Pioneer 11 spacecraft3.

Galactic ultraviolet astronomy

A general presentation of astrophysical observations in the ultraviolet is given. First the particular nature of ultraviolet studies is emphasises. This is followed by a brief historical presentation

Identification of the UV nightglow from Venus

THE presence of atmospheric ultraviolet (UV) emission between 1,350 and 2,200 Å from the nightside of Venus was first detected by instruments on board the Mariner 5 flyby1. Recently this emission was



Dissociation of CO2 in the Martian Atmosphere

Abstract Detailed calculations are presented for the production of O and CO in the Martian atmosphere. The diffusion equations are solved and results compared with Mariner observations of O and CO in

Spectroscopy and Acronomy of O2 on Mars

Abstract High-dispersion photoelectric spectra have been taken of four oxygen A band lines. Synthetic spectra have been calculated, and ratios of the Martian spectra with the synthetic spectra have

The Atmosphere of Mars

  • C. Barth
  • Environmental Science, Physics
  • 1974
The atmosphere of Mars is essentially a pure carbon dioxide atmosphere that contains a small and seasonably varying amount of water vapor. A number of minor constituents which arise from the

Photochemistry of CO2 in the atmosphere of Mars

The photochemistry of a carbon dioxide atmosphere is discussed in detail, and the analysis is applied to Mars. Recombination of O(³P) and CO is not sufficiently rapid to prevent the buildup of an

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