author={İsmail Kurun},
The definition of the Iranian political system which was structured after the 1979 Iranian Revolution has long been a matter of controversy among the pol itical scientists . Although Iran is a self-declared Islamic Republic, scholars used or coined various terms such as democratic theocracy, oligarchic theocracy, and religious tyranny to define it. Iran has democratic institutions such as parliament and constitution, but the configuration of them does not make up a liberal democracy. This… 
3 Citations
Outlays of Iran’s Hegemonic-Hybridized Political System
  • F. Leandro
  • Political Science
    The Geopolitics of Iran
  • 2021
The recent political history of the Islamic Republic of Iran displays six important features, which are still driving the country’s decision-making system: (1) the cultural legacy of the Persian
Standing still or ascending in the social media political participation ladder? Evidence from Iran
The appeal of social media has transformed the ways political participation is experienced. As an online communication tool, social media platforms have changed how political content is processed and


Iran at the crossroads of democracy and dictatorship
The protest movement that emerged in Iran in the wake of the presidential election of 2009 has seen a subsequent decline due to the combined effects of repression and the timidity of the reformist
Iran's Guardians Council as an Obstacle to Democracy
Iranians' participation in recent elections can be interpreted as an indication of their desire to change the status quo through democratic means. Efforts to change the system through elections,
Revolution without Movement, Movement without Revolution: Comparing Islamic Activism in Iran and Egypt
Why did Iran of the late 1970s with a thriving economy, wealthy middle class, repressive political system, massive military might, and powerful international allies go through an Islamic revolution,
Changes in the Iranian Political System after Khomeini's Death
The most revolutionary change that can happen to a revolution is when the revolution is no longer a revolution. This change is usually called Thermidor. When Ayatollah Khomeini passed away on June 3,
Rentier state and Shi'a Islam in the Iranian Revolution
The recent overthrow of the Shah of Iran, the launching of the Iranian Revolution between 1977 and 1979, came as a sudden surprise to outside observers from the American friends of the Shah, to
Suspended Equilibrium in Iran's Political System
Two sets of power relationships have emerged in the political system of the Islamic Republic of Iran: official, institutional relationships outlined in the Constitution, and unofficial, informal ones
Guardians of the Revolution: Iran and the World in the Age of the Ayatollahs
For over a quarter century, Iran has been one of America's chief nemeses. Ever since Ayatollah Khomeini overthrew the Shah in 1979, the relationship between the two nations has been antagonistic:
The crisis of secular politics and the rise of political Islam in Iran
L'article est une analyse de trois processus qui caracterisent la vie socio-politique iranienne contemporaine : la formation d'un Etat autocratique apres 1953, l'alienation sociale et psychologique
Political decentralization and the creation of local government in Iran : Consolidation or transformation of the theocratic state?
Si les premieres elections concernant les gouvernements locaux ont eux lieu en 1999 en Iran, l'A. s'interroge quant a la transformation du regime theocratique par rapport justement a ce developpement
After the Elections: A New System Emerging in Iran
Abstract This examination of the changes that have occurred in the relationship between the president of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the supreme guide during the past 30 years suggests that the