INVASION OF COASTAL MARINE COMMUNITIES IN NORTH AMERICA : Apparent Patterns , Processes , and Biases

@inproceedings{Ruiz2006INVASIONOC,
  title={INVASION OF COASTAL MARINE COMMUNITIES IN NORTH AMERICA : Apparent Patterns , Processes , and Biases},
  author={Gregory M Ruiz and Paul W. Fofonoff and Marjorie J. Wonham and Anson He Hines},
  year={2006}
}
• Abstract Biological invasions of marine habitats have been common, and many patterns emerge from the existing literature. In North America, we identify 298 nonindigenous species (NIS) of invertebrates and algae that are established in marine and estuarine waters, generating many "apparent patterns" of invasion: (a) The rate of reported invasions has increased exponentially over the past 200 years; (b) Most NIS are crustaceans and molluscs, while NIS in taxonomic groups dominated by small… CONTINUE READING
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