INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE AND RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT Susceptibility and Aversion of Spodoptera frugiperda ( Lepidoptera : Noctuidae ) to Cry 1 F Bt Maize and Considerations for Insect Resistance Management

Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize was developed primarily for North American pests such asEuropean cornborer (Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner)).However,most Btmaize products are also cultivated outside of North America, where the primary pests may be different and may have lower susceptibility to Bt toxins. Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith) is an… (More)

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