author={Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  pages={33 - 60}
This article develops a cross-cultural and historical theory of antifeminist movements. Such movements are composed of two elements, which often involve very different types of people: vested-interest groups and voluntary associations. Five predictions concerning the social composition of antifeminist vested-interest groups and voluntary organizations and antifeminist movement ideology are derived from the theory. Evidence taken from existing literature pertaining to both first-wave (nineteenth… 


This article examines the variety of men's responses to feminism in late nineteenthand early twentieth-century United States through texts that addressed the claims raised by the turn-of-the-century

Critical account of ideology in consumer culture : the commodification of a social movement

VIII This study suggests that young women foster diverse and temporary identifications with feminism in the pursuit of two, often overlapping, goals: ontological security and status. This results in


This article argues that systematic comparative analyses of women's strategies and coping mechanisms lead to a more culturally and temporally grounded understanding of patriarchal systems than the

Strategy and “Spin”: Opposing Movement Frames in an Anti-Gay Voter Initiative

Abstract Social movements typically do not operate in isolation. Rather, movements engage with an opposing movement over social and / or political change. In this paper, I ask to what extent must


  • B. Ryan
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 1989
Through a reinterpretation of publications, interviews with long-term activists, and an analysis of change in the social environment, this article explains why feminist ideology failed to create

'You only get what you fight for'': Understanding the backlash against the US battered women's movement

In this chapter Dragiewicz provides an empirically grounded analysis of why, despite major gains in the understanding of, and actions against, violence against women there has been a reaction against

Women's Rights in the Middle East: A Longitudinal Study of Kuwait

This research identifies structural, cultural, and dynamic elements operating in the campaign for women’s rights in Kuwait. Using data from multiple sources, it focuses on the main characteristics

Women's Rights and Opposition: Explaining the Stunted Rise and Sudden Reversals of Progressive Violence against Women Policies in Contentious Contexts

Abstract International conventions and domestic laws have been enacted to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women worldwide. However, these progressive policy initiatives have faced

Resistance and backlash to gender equality

Resistance to efforts to advance gender equality is a common feature of social life, whether in workplaces and other organisations or elsewhere. In this article, we review the typical character,

Personal Experience, Ideology and Support for Feminism

Abstract Previous research has come to conflicting conclusions about the relative importance of personal experience versus ideology, and within the latter about the relative significance of secular



Equal Rights Amendment Activists in North Carolina

The debate for ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) in a southern state which is considered progressive in most areas stimulated this study about the nature of ERA activists. Who are the

The Zionist Women's Movement in Palestine, 1911-1927: A Sociological Analysis

  • D. Izraeli
  • Sociology
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1981
The Zionist women's movement in Palestine developed within the socialist Zionist movement as a reaction to the disappointment of a small group of women with the limited role they were assigned in the

Our Own Worst Enemies: Women Opposed to Woman Suffrage

Opposition by women to a movement which identifies itself as for women is not new. In the late 19th and early 20th century female anti-suffragists organized to oppose "the burden of the ballot." The

Insurgency of the Powerless: Farm Worker Movements (1946-1972).

Drawing on the perspective developed in recent work by Oberschall (1973), Tilly (1975) and Gamson (1975), we analyze the political process centered around farm worker insurgencies. Comparing the

Ladies Against Women: Mobilization Dilemmas of Antifeminist Movements

This study compares the resource mobilization dilemmas of the antisuffrage movement which was most active between 1912 and 1918 and the anti-Equal Rights Amendment movement of 1972–82. I argue that

Religous Preference and Pro/Anti Activism on the Equal Rights Amendment Issue

Religion often proves to be an important factor in explaining variations in political attitudes and behavior. The dependent variable of interest is usually some measure of political liberalism or

Civil Rights and Women's Rights in the Federal Republic of Germany Today

In the Federal Republic of Germany today, the phenomenon of terrorism is being used by those in power as an excuse to cast aspersions upon and actively suppress criticism of the government coming

The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-Cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements

strengthened, IMF conditionality reformed, and World Bank, IDA and other official development assistance expanded. These are all well-known remedies, but it is important that they have been endorsed

The Structure of Belief Systems Among Contending ERA Activists

The structures of beliefs on feminist policy preferences are compared for activists who led campaigns supporting and opposing a Massachusetts referendum on equal rights for women (ERA) in 1976.