author={Mario Bunge},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  • M. Bunge
  • Published 1 June 1995
  • Education
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
P UNTIL THE M I D 1 9 6 0 s whoever wished to engage in mysticism or freewheeling, intellectual deceit or antiintellectualism had to U do so outside the hallowed groves of academe. For nearly two centuries before that time the university had been an institution of higher learning, where people cultivated the intellect, engaged in rational discussion, searched for the truth, applied it, or taught it to the best of their abilities. To be sure once in a while a traitor to one of these values was… 
In Defense of Realism: It Really Is Commonsense
“What is truth?” Pilot asked Jesus of Nazareth. For many in academe today this question seems quaintly passe. Rejection of “truth” goes hand-in-hand with the rejection of epistemological realism.
Neither Modernist Nor Postmodernist — A Third Way
In this paper I undertake an analysis of the heritage of Kuhn and Feyerabend as compared with the main tenets of the logical positivism, and identify the components of logical positivism that
Feng Shui as Pseudoscience
  • M. R. Matthews
  • Education
    Feng Shui: Teaching About Science and Pseudoscience
  • 2019
Given the extent of feng shui belief, and the personal, social, cultural, and economic impact that it has, everyone can benefit from judging its scientificity. Efforts to distinguish science from
Universities and Scholarship in the Modern Democracy
A central feature of the modern democracy is public debate on issues of government; this debate is most effective when it assumes a form of rational inquiry resembling the practices of the natural
Mario Bunge, Systematic Philosophy and Science Education: An Introduction
Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in 1919 and is now in his mid-90s. He studied atomic physics and quantum mechanics with Guido Beck (1903–1988), an Austrian refugee and student of Heisenberg.
The Nature of Science and the Role of Knowledge and Belief
In everyday language we tend to think of ‘knowledge’ as reasoned belief that a proposition is true and the natural sciences provide the archetypal example of what it means to know. Religious and
Mario Bunge (1919–2020): Conjoining Philosophy of Science and Scientific Philosophy
The leitmotif of Mario Bunge’s work was that the philosophy of science should be informed by a comprehensive scientific philosophy, and vice versa; with both firmly rooted in realism and materialism.
Rationality and the shoulds
This paper is about rational and irrational uses of deontological words, such as "should", "ought", and "must", referred to as "the shoulds". Rationality is taken as a mutual relationship between
An Essay for Educators: Epistemological Realism Really is Common Sense
Abstract“What is truth?” Pontius Pilot asked Jesus of Nazareth. For many educators today this question seems quaintly passé. Rejection of “truth” goes hand-in-hand with the rejection of
Mario Bunge: Physicist and Philosopher
Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in the final year of the First World War.He learnt atomic physics and quantum mechanics from an Austrian refugeewho had been a student of Heisenberg. Additionally he


The Mismeasure of Man
In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve.
The Political Resources of American Science
In the light of the traditional ethos of science, and particularly its emphasis on a complete separation between science and politics, a discussion of the political resources of science is bound to
The Poverty of Rational Choice Theory
Rational choice theory has become very fashionable in all social sciences, from anthropology to history. Actually it is not a theory but a family of models that share two simple and attractive ideas.
The Open Society and its Enemies
THIS is a book of great length (444 pages of text), great learning (168 pages of notes), but not of commensurate understanding. It is a pity, because its defects may conceal its undoubted merits.
Laboratory life. The social construction of scientific facts
supported by facts, he believed in the good of the inductive method in all walks of life. He put this to work in studies such as the influences of environment on parameters of behaviour of mice and
A Critical Examination of the New Sociology of Science Part 1
The sociology of science, once marginal, has become a growth industry practiced by an increasing number of scholars. In addition to a large annual spate of books, there is a quarterly, Social Studies
Private Science and Public Knowledge: The Committee for the Scientific Investigation of the Claims of the Paranormal and its Use of the Literature
The scientific literature can be used to construct facts or to deconstruct them. The formal journals construct by presenting maximally `demodalized' accounts of experiment. The more popular journals
Give me a Laboratory and 1 will raise the Word
Now that field studies of laboratory practices are starting to pour in, we are beginning to have a better picture of what scientists do inside the walls of these strange places called 'laboratories'
Is Anti-Science not-Science?
In this paper, we try to show that it is not possible to ascribe, unambiguously, the label ‘anti-scientific’ to a set of ideas. Anti-science is a description applicable to certain human activities;